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The leading trade paper in Sweden VA-tidskriften Cirkulation has a series about water towers under the headline Ebers vattentorn (Eber's Water Towers). Here are the same pictures and texts (translated) of interesting water towers in the world except Scania and Sweden, as in the journal.

2018 2017 2016 2015 2014 2013 2012 2011 2010
2009 2008 2007 2006 2005 2004 2003 2002 2001 2000 1999 1998 All years

Eber's Water Towers 2018-1998

by Eber Ohlsson

Eber's Water Towers 2018

Cirkulation 1/2018

A free translation to English:

American water towers are sometimes what we call standpipes. Of the few classic stand pipes that are left, is actually three standing in Saint Louis, Missouri, a town known as the Gateway to the West. The oldest of these three stand pipes stands as a traffic island in the middle of East Grand Avenue, in an area where you cannot be too careful.

The 47 meter high tower was built in 1871 and was decommissioned in 1912. It was designed by architect George I Barnett, and is called the "Old White" although the white color now is faded. It is something special that in this area see this solitary column with Corinthian capital, so far from ancient Greece.

See Also:   Water Towers: Missouri > Saint Louis

Cirkulation 1/2018

A free translation to English:

Horses need to drink plenty of water. It is debatable whether it was that or to satisfy the public demand for water that made the building of a water tower in the city Luçon, when the French government in 1910 decided to establish a cavalry regiment here. The tower, which was built in 1912-13, was designed by architect J. Bardin.

The Art Nouveau tower in reinforced concrete and with ceramic details held 500 m³ of water. Inadequate maintenance and after it was shut down in 1961 did the tower to finally was threatened with demolition. 1992 was it rescued, however, and a study in 1996 showed how the tower could be reused.

See Also:   Châteaux d'eau: Région Pays de la Loire > Luçon

Eber's Water Towers 2017

Cirkulation 8/2017

A free translation to English:

A water tower which is built by a tea and coffee importer could indicate that water is a key ingredient in the preparation of these stimulants. It is known that the hardness of the water affects the quality of the beverages, and it is not without reason that coffee companies providing Skånerost [Scania roast], even if the water that comes in the Scanian municipal water supply systems now have lower hardness.

Wholesaler Christian Fode bought in 1918 Orebjerg Estate in Danish Zealand and modernized the estate, including power and water utilities. Up at the road he built also a 13-meter high water tower.

See Also:   Vandtårne: Region Hovedstaden > Orebjerg

Cirkulation 7/2017

A free translation to English:

Great Western Railway is a legendary railway in England. It had traffic from Paddington station in London and westward. Chief engineer was the famous Isambard Kingdom Brunel, who chose the broad-gauge of 2 134 mm, a gauge which, however, was later changed to our standard-gauge of 1 435 mm.

In Southall, 15 km west of Paddington, the railway built 1895 by Hanson Brothers an octagonal 32 meter high water tower with crenellation, known as Southall's 'Castle', where the steam engines could fill water until 1968. The old Victorian water tower was reconstructed in 1983 into one- and two-room flats.

See Also:   Water Towers: Region Greater London > Southall

Cirkulation 6/2017

A free translation to English:

The Irish veterinarian and inventor John Boyd Dunlop was the one who got the patent for the pneumatic ring. His first overseas factory was built in Hanau, a town just east of Frankfurt am Main in Germany. The current plant was built in 1903 and the water tower ten years later.

World War II bombing raids brought havoc to the German cities and industries, and in 1945 became the whole Dunlop factory in Hanau completely destroyed at such a raid - everything except the water tower. The factory is now rebuilt and in the center of the factory area boasts the water tower with the company name and logo on the reservoir facade.

See Also:   Wassertürme: Hessen > Hanau-Dunlop

Cirkulation 5/2017

A free translation to English:

On the southern outskirts of the Appalachians, in the state of Georgia in United States lies the city of Rome. Like its namesake in Europe is the city situated on seven hills and is traversed by a watercourse. There is also a replica of the sculpture of Romulus and Remus, a gift from Mussolini in 1929. But there ceases probably the similarities between the cities.

At Neely Hill was built in 1871 a water tower, which held 950 m³ of water and at the following year came the clock tower, with dials in all points of the compass, and the tower then got a height of 32 m. Since 1995 is the water tower museum. Although this city is not eternal, we must hope that the beautiful water tower will stand and the clock goes.

See Also:   Water Towers: Georgia > Rome

Cirkulation 4/2017

A free translation to English:

In the old Estonian town Karksi-Nuia, near the border with Latvia, standing since 1994, 35-meter high water tower with four tanks, each holding 30 m³ giving a total volume of 120 m³. It is a Latvian company that constructed these standard water towers, with varying numbers of tanks.

In Latvia can be found water towers with both two, three, four tanks arranged in the same manner as in Karksi-Nuia. In the tiny town of Ape in northeastern Latvia standing next to each other, three water towers, each with three tanks, for a total of nine tanks. The question is whether it is the optimal solution?

See Also:   Veetornid: Eesti > Karksi-Nuia

Cirkulation 3/2017

A free translation to English:

Hartmann Freiherr von Richthofen bought in 1920 the castle Gotthard in Rothenburg/Wümme in the German Lower Saxony. Immediately, he began rebuilding and expansion of the estate, where he at the main road southwards towards Verden built a water tower house for the estate's water supply.

On the top of the tower was there originally a windmill that could give power to the water-pumping. Now is the windmill gone as well as the 1972 demolished castle, while the house with the large water tower is still standing. If the name von Richthofen sounds familiar, is it probably because of the cousin Manfred von Richthofen, better known as the flying ace Red Baron.

See Also:   Wassertürme: Niedersachsen > Rotenburg (Wümme)

Cirkulation 2/2017

A free translation to English:

The city of Newberry, South Carolina, in the United States, 50 kilometers from the state capital, Columbia, may have found their variant of answer on the parable Columbus egg, when they built their water tower. They have placed the egg on its pointed end, by placing it on a classic steel water tower foot. The egg is also provided with the egg stamp text "Newberry County - Milk and Egg Capital".

What surprises can then egg in this self-proclaimed egg capital give? Eggs are considered to be popular fertility-affecting, so what happens if you drink the water? Probably nothing, because Newberry still is a small town.

See Also:   Water Towers: South Carolina > Newberry

Cirkulation 1/2017

A free translation to English:

The Hague or as it is officially called 's-Gravenhage, the city there the government in Netherlands is located. North of the city's coastal community Scheveningen are vast sand dunes, which not has been built on because they have been used for the filtration of drinking water. Here stands since 1874 a water tower with two reservoirs, one upper of 1000 m³ and one bottom of 1 200 m³.

The 49-meter high tower in neo-classical style is designed by architects L. A. Brouwer and Thy. Stang. The tower, which is still in operation, was in poor condition when the writer saw it in the 1980s, but is now as the picture showing restored to its former glory.

See Also:   Watertorens: Zuid-Holland > Den Haag

Eber's Water Towers 2016

Cirkulation 8/2016

A free translation to English:

The city Skjern in Danish Western Jutland is created by the railway. Here stands since 1898 a 15 m high water tower for supply to the steam engines. It is designed by NPC Holsø, one of Denmark's leading railway architects. The tower is listed building since 1981.

Skjern, located in a Free Church area, was once an alcohol dry area. But there was a watering hole. At the railway restaurant could thirst quenched, but only if you had a train ticket. Therefore, it was sold many tickets to the closest station - Tarm 4 km away. The number of persons that really traveled between the stations was considerably less.

See Also:   Vandtårne: Region Midtjylland > Skjern

Cirkulation 7/2016

A free translation to English:

The world's largest camera obscura of its kind found in a water tower in the German Mülheim an der Ruhr. The 25.5 meter high water tower was built in 1904 to supply the national railway's steam engines with water. The area with roundhouses and a large railway workshop was bombed in 1943, but luckily survived the water tower without damage.

When Mülheim 1992 organized a large garden exhibition in the railway area, was installed at the top of as a historic building declared water tower a camera obscura, as here meant that in a dark room through a small light aperture in the ceiling and through the lenses depicted outside world.

See Also:   Wassertürme: Nordrhein-Westfalen
> Mülheim an der Ruhr

Cirkulation 6/2016

A free translation to English:

In German Silesian capital Breslau was built 1904-05 a lavish water tower in bricks designed by architect Karl Klimm. The design was a medieval castle in a mixture of neo-Romanesque and neo-Gothic facade and decorated with mythical animals in sandstone. In the ground floors were there official residences for the servants at the water works and in 42 meters height a viewing platform, which could be reached by elevator.

The water tower survived undamaged through WWII. In the mid-1980s ceased the operation of the water tower and in 1995 became the tower restored and houses now a restaurant and conference facilities. Today, the water tower stands in Polish Wrocław.

See Also:   Wieże ciśnień: Polska > Wrocław

Cirkulation 5/2016

A free translation to English:

The water tower in the city of Anderson, Indiana, USA, can be a nameplate that beats most, if you live as shown in the picture. It might even be worth taking the name Anderson. The city is named after Chief William Anderson, whose mother was a Native American from Delaware and the father a Swedish tradesman.

At the census of the United States goes one into details that are foreign to us. Thus, the most recent census: Of the city's 60,000 residents, 82% was white, 15% African-Americans but only 0.3% Indians. So William Anderson would if he had lived today, belonged to a minority.

See Also:   Water Towers: Indiana > Anderson

Cirkulation 4/2016

A free translation to English:

In the northern French city of Yvetot standing in a light color painted water tower in reinforced concrete, not unlike many other French water towers. This tower also has a grassy roof, and there is no lack of the now almost obligatory antenna mast. Otherwise, it is the city's name that is the most interesting from a Nordic perspective.

Like many place names in Normandy and for the sake of even the British Isles got its name under the Scandinavian conquest in 800s and 900s, what today is known as the Viking Age. The name Yvetot corresponds on pure Scanian with Ivetofta, a village at Ivö lake in the northeastern Scania.

See Also:   Châteaux d'eau: Région Haute-Normandie > Yvetot

Cirkulation 3/2016

A free translation to English:

When it at home were introduced restrictions on water towers, such that they do not even get photographed, thoughts go easily to the old conclusion that if you get a security officer you also get problems with the security. It is then pleasing that in other countries it is still possible to visit these verticals.

Something you can do in the water tower in Bredene in Flanders in Belgium. The 50 m high tower from 1956 holds 800 m³ and with horizontal bands marks in the settlement. During the tourist season one can pay to get up the tower and get a view over the town, the nearby Oostende and the North Sea.

See Also:   Watertorens: West-Vlaanderen > Bredene

Cirkulation 2/2016

A free translation to English:

Water is health. You therefore becomes a bit jumbled up, when there on a water tower in Durham in the state of North Carolina in the US is advertising for a brand of cigarettes. The tower stands inside an old factory site for the American Tobacco Company, a company that offers Lucky Strike for sale.

Behind the water tower is a chimney, which also has advertising for the cigarette brand. It must be devastating advertising. The tobacco company left the university city of Durham in the late 1980s and since 2004 is there in the old factory building - offices, stores and restaurants. Hopefully this is a tobacco-free environment, without even a hookah

See Also:   Water towers: North Carolina > Durham

Cirkulation 1/2016

A free translation to English:

From water reservoir to knowledge reservoir is the self-description of Aquarius Wasser Museum in Mülheim an der Ruhr, Germany. The water tower was built in 1892/93 when August Thyssen would arrange water supply for his rolling mills and mines. The 35 meter high water tower had a reservoir of 500 m³.

1912 transferred the water tower to the recently formed RWW Rheinish-Westfälisches Wassergesellschaft. In 1982 the tower was taken out of service and it as a historic building declared water tower become in 1992 a water knowledge center to highlight different aspects of the water. It has inspired Swedish counterparts.

See Also:   Wassertürme: Nordrhein-Westfalen > Mülheim

Eber's Water Towers 2015

Cirkulation 7/2015

A free translation to English:

Weathervanes as church roosters are not uncommon, so why could not such rooster also be on a water tower? What it does on the tower in Danish Jægersborg, north of Copenhagen. It is easy to observe, since the tower is the aim for those traveling on the highway south to the Danish capital.

The tower, built in 1955, is designed by architect Edward Thomsen. In recent years, it has set up recreational facilities in the tower's lower floors and 36 youth apartments on the levels under the reservoir. The architect Dorte Mandrup is here with the light window constructions faceted the tower.

See Also:   Vandtårne: Region Hovedstaden > Jægersborg

Cirkulation 7/2015

A free translation to English:

In Germany it is not unusual to find war-damaged churches or churches that have become ruins. Hanseatic City of Merseburg, located between the cities of Halle and Leipzig, was hard hit during the Second World War, not least because there is great chemistry industries near the city, there among other things synthetic gasoline was produced.

In the town is also the ruin of the Church of St. Sixti, founded in 1045 and during the 1500s rebuilt to late Gothic, but that was became ruin during the Thirty Years War. The old church tower was rebuilt in 1888 to the city's new water tower, a function it is now, however, have lost.

See Also:   Wassertürme: Sachsen-Anhalt > Merseburg

Cirkulation 6/2015

A free translation to English:

It lives only about 700 inhabitants in the Swedish-town of Stanton, Iowa, USA, a city as in spite of that has the two water towers with richly-decorated floral motif. The older tower, which stands in the churchyard, is shaped like a coffee pot, 11 m high and with a diameter of 6 m. It is declared to be the largest Swedish coffee pot in the world.

The entire water tower is 38 m high and holds 150 m³. The tower became a coffee pot in 1971 in honor of the actress Virginia Christine, born in Stanton, and as on television for many years in the role of Mrs. Olson did commercials for a famous coffee brand.

See Also:   Water Towers: Iowa > Stanton

Cirkulation 5/2015

A free translation to English:

The particle accelerators at CERN, the world's largest particle physics laboratory, is situated in transboundary circular tunnels in both France and Switzerland. Here in neighbourhood of Geneva is there researched on the smallest constituents of matter, discoveries that have given scientists the Nobel Prize. It was also here that the World Wide Web was developed.

Something that also has spreading throughout the world is the molecule H2O. Next straight over the two tunnels is there a water tower in French CERN area, not many meters from the border with Switzerland and the vineyards there. Even tower photos can become transnational.

See Also:   Châteaux d'eau: Saint-Genis-Pouilly (CERN)

Cirkulation 3/2015

The Swedish word ”Ranka” can be translated to ”Rocker”, it means to sit and ride on someone's lap.

A free translation to English:

"Ride, ride Ranka - the horse is named Blanka" begins a popular nursery rhyme in the Nordic countries. How coming a water tower in this context? Well, in the Belgian city of Namur most prosperous area and high above the Walloon town stands a water tower from 1913, with a water reservoir of 110 m³. The street closest to the tower is called 'Avenue Blanche de Namur', and Blanche will translated to Swedish be Blanka.

Blanka in the nursery rhyme is 1300's king Magnus Eriksson's queen, who just came from Namur. The person that rode rocker was her son Håkan, who later became king of Norway. See what the clutch to a water tower, with views of the rivers Meuse and Sambre, can provide.

See Also:   Châteaux d'eau: Namur

Cirkulation 2/2015

A free translation to English:

Holiday house is often associated with a small house on a lake or the sea. However, there are alternatives, like the water tower in the northern German town of Plön. The town is located in an area called Holstein Switzerland, an area shaped by the last ice age.

The 42 m high water tower was built in 1913 and held the 150 m³ of water before it was decommissioned in 1974. The Water Board wanted to tear it down, but instead it became a historic building. With a new owner was the tower in 1984 converted into a residence. So now one can rent 100 m² apartment and take a bath in a water tower and at a balcony that goes around the entire tower, have views over the Plön’s lake system.

See Also:   Wassertürme: Schleswig-Holstein > Plön

Cirkulation 2/2015

A free translation to English:

Water towers contain normally drinking water, but in Austin, capital of Texas, there is since 2010 a water tower containing 7 500 m³ recycled water and it is the first of seven planned towers. The recycled water consists treated wastewater that otherwise would escaped into the nearby river. This secondary water can be used for irrigation, cooling, and in industry.

On the tower roof is done collecting rainwater, which also has 48 solar panels generating electricity. Austin is located in Texas inland and receives less than 100 mm of rain per year. It is always wise to economize with their limited resources.

See Also:   Water towers: Texas > Austin

Cirkulation 1/2015

A free translation to English:

Who gets the most attention? In a modern world, there is always signals that demands your attention. This can apply to commercial activities, such as the furniture store at the picture, with Swedish roots and with their colors manifests precisely this origin.

It can also apply to an activity such as water supply, as the water tower at the picture on the outskirts of Rimini, Italy. With its painted checkerboard pattern and its height, the tower catches the eye. It will perhaps be an equable battle in attention. Financially, the store will however probably get more benefit of your attention than what the Rimini water companies Amir get.

See Also:   Torri dell'acquedotti: Emilia-Romagna > Rimini

Eber's Water Towers 2014

Cirkulation 8/2014

In Swedish, the word "svampen" means "the mushroom". The first water tower in the world with prestressed concrete that got mushroom shape was built in the city of Örebro in Sweden. It is now called "Svampen".

A free translation to English:


If you say mushroom water towers, will most of the people see at their inner eye a water tower like "Svampen" in Örebro, or its many imitators. These towers also have an ideal shape, volume on top for even pressure and small volume at the bottom where water turnover may be less. A shape that became possible to build when prestressed concrete became part of the construction.

In the Danish Hovedgård, a small community between Horsens and Århus, stand a different mushroom water tower. A simple small water tower from the 1930s that has mushrooms of all kinds painted on the facade. A mushroom place that it is easy to find.

See Also:   Vandtårne: Horsens > Hovedgård

Cirkulation 7/2014

A free translation to English:

In the district Ravensberg in the northern German city of Kiel was built in 1886 an elevated storage reservoir of 2 500 m³ as a large earth reservoir. Then something happened that has happened in other cities, the water pressure was not sufficient when higher grounds in the city was built and the houses in the town became higher, it needed a new water tower.

On the top of the earth reservoir got Kiel 1898 a 34 m high brick water tower, designed by Rudolph Schmidt. The reservoir volume was 1 500 m³ with 15 m higher highest water level than the highest water level of the earth reservoir. The tower became a listed building in 1976 and was decommissioned in 1990, and privatized 10 years later. Now is the tower under reconstruction and get 33 unique apartments.

See Also:   Wassertürme: Schleswig-Holstein > Kiel

Cirkulation 6/2014

A free translation to English:

In the Netherlands they built water towers in the lake. Yes, first they dike a water area, then pumps out the water, and they got a polder. The Northeast polder is such area with plenty of farmland, but also with the medium-sized city of Emmeloord.

The city held a design competition for a new water tower, which was won by architect H. van Gent. Together with the architect J. W. H. C. Pot he later designed it 65.5 meter high tower, with reservoirs of 1 850 m³. The tower was built 1957-59. There is also a carillon with 48 bells. There is now in the tower tourist office, meeting rooms and restaurant.

See Also:   Watertoren: Flevoland

Cirkulation 5/2014

A free translation to English:

Ketchup Effect, it might be called, when motorists stop on route 159 in the town of Collinsville, Illinois, in the United States, to photograph the special water tower. They are then only 20 km east of the Mississippi River and the city of St. Louis.

The water tower, with the volume of 380 m³, was completed in 1949 and is 52 m high, of which 21 m is bottle. Brooks catsup, catsup is another name for ketchup, was manufactured here until the 1960s. When the tower was in danger of disappearing, formed a conservation association, who got the tower repainted in 1995, and listed in the register of historic buildings in the United States. A water tower with its own web site.

See Also:   Water Towers: Illinois > Collinsville

Cirkulation 4/2014

In Swedish, the word "bi" means both "secondary" and "bee".

A free translation to English:


A water tower in the town Visselhövede in Lower Saxony in Germany had during one year a secondary/bee function. The tower, which was completed in 1899, had a height of 25 meters and a reservoir of 20 m³. It belonged to the honey factory "Sonnentau" and supplied the plant with clean water and good pressure in the production of honey. A function that it only had for one year.

When the factory in year 1900 became connected to the public water supply, became the tower solely fire reserve until 1950. The tower was reconstructed in 2002 and is now an art gallery with a registrar’s office on the balcony floor. Probably for smaller weddings.

See Also:   Wassertürme: Niedersachsen > Visselhövede

Cirkulation 3/2014

A free translation to English:

North of the Latvian city Liepaja built the Russian Tsarist Empire 1890-1906 a war-harbor, which is now called Karosta. It was an independent society with its own water supply, which in 1905 built a 37 meter high water tower in gothic style with its belonging steam engine driven pumps.

During the Soviet occupation of Latvia became Karosta a Soviet naval base, with at most 40 000 inhabitants, but prohibited for all civilians. Nowadays, visitors can see the difference between the Tsarist empire relatively well preserved red brick buildings and the miserable quality of the Soviet concrete buildings.

See Also:   Ūdens tornis: Latvija > Liepāja

Cirkulation 2/2014

A free translation to English:

The village of Poziéres in Northern France was in the middle of one of the great battles in World War I, the Battle of the Somme 1916th. Here fought Entente which consisted of France, Britain and its Commonwealth. The Australian troops, who were part of the Entente, suffered heavy losses here in the village.

Today stands north of the village a water tower with a facade dedicated to the Australians. The tower is painted with a Victory Cross, Britain's highest military award, and a poppy flower, which is the symbol of the World War I on the western front. There are also names of decorated soldiers. In addition, there is a road sign warning of koalas.

See Also:   Châteaux d'eau: Département 80 > Poziéres

Cirkulation 1/2014

The Swedish word "rörelse" can mean both "business" and "motion".
The Swedish expression about the business, "den gick inte runt" mean both "it did not run so good" and "it did not turn around".


A free translation to English:

In Charlemagne's capital of Aachen, near the triponts for Germany, the Netherlands and Belgium, there is a water tower on the hill Lousberg named Belvedere, the French word for observation tower. The tower, which was built in 1956-58, got offices on the lower plans and in 1970 on the top a revolving restaurant with a viewing platform.

The restaurant closed down in the early 1990's because the business not run so good. The attempt in 2005 with café ended in 2011, it was not even now spin on the business. The function as a water tower ceased in 1988 and the tower is since 1990 a historical building and an example of the 1950s style.

See Also:   Wassertürme: Nordrhein-Westfalen > Aachen

Eber's Water Towers 2013

Cirkulation 8/2013

In Scanian, the word "vann" means both "won" and "water",
and "på" means "on".

In Swedish, the word "bett" means both "asked" and "bite". And "folkmun" is translated to "popular parlance", but a direct translation should be "peoples mouth".

A free translation to English:


Buildings get sometimes popular epithet, something that even can applies on water towers, as one of the towers of Danish Korsør with the popular parlance epithet The Molar. The water tower is the result of an architectural competition in 1947, which was won by E Frandsen and J Falster. They “vann på vann”, as a Scanian would have said. The 30 meter high tower of reinforced concrete can hold 450 m³.

Teeth, dental status and caries were otherwise something widely discussed 50 years ago. There were proposals to add fluoride to drinking water. But there were protests, no one had asked for this general medication. Citizens have nevertheless a good bite without prostheses.

See Also:   Vandtårne: Slagelse > Korsør, Fjordvænget

Cirkulation 7/2013

A free translation to English:

An eminently classic waterworks and water tower was built by Louisville Water Company in 1856 close to the Ohio River in the city of Louisville in Kentucky, USA. Architect Theodore R. Scowden used this ancient idiom on the tower Doric column, surrounded by a Corinthian portico with ten pillars and above where classical statues.

A tornado in 1890 destroyed much, but most of it, nevertheless, could be restored. The 56 meter high water tower is a stand pipe, which helped to even out the pressure of the piston stroke at the powerful steam engine. The water tower was decommissioned in 1909 and is now of course an official landmark.

See Also:   Watertowers: Kentucky > Louisville

Cirkulation 6/2013

A free translation to English:

The construction of the water tower in the Lithuanian city of Šiauliai was in progress last longer than planned. 1939 started building of the tower, designed by Professor P Morkunas and A Janulionis, but in the year after the building was delayed when Lithuania was occupied by the Soviet Union, and after another year came Nazi German troops.

In 1944 returned the battlefront and now became the Soviet occupation more permanent. Eventually, however, continued construction of the 47 meter high water tower and in 1948 it was clear. A reasonable delay, given the circumstances. The tower is still in operation and in the downstairs is there now a water and sewer museum.

See Also:   Vandens bokštai: Lietuva > Šiauliai

Cirkulation 5/2013

The Swedish word “Stålmannen” is a direct translation of “Man of Steel”.

The Swedish verb “super” is when someone drink much alcohol, so when the “Superman” was introduced in Sweden 1949, the name “Stålmannen” was choosen.


A free translation to English:

The American cartoon series Superman, subtitled Man of Steel was in Sweden known as Stålmannen, which probably can be explained by the risk of misunderstanding of the original name at this time, but he could then also keep his S on the tricot.

Superman lives in the fictional city of Metropolis, which also is the name of a small town on the right bank of Ohio River near the Mississippi. This U.S. town depicted therefore the super hero at its central steel water tower. The tower roasted however and was scrapped a few years ago. Superman has now been resurfaced on a water tower in the town's periphery.

See Also:   Ware Towers: Illionois > Metropolis

Cirkulation 4/2013

A free translation to English:

Netherlands' most sustainable office is a water tower from 1897. It stands in Bussum, a town southeast of Amsterdam. From being a classic 200 m³ large Intze-tower, it has now lost its reservoir function, but has a new top of the glass with a windmill on the roof and a side building.

Here is it zero energy and carbon neutral, with thermal energy storage, heat pumps and cogeneration. All necessary electrical energy generated internally with wind, solar and cogeneration, a cogeneration using vegetable waste oil. The tower has its own water and sewage plant. Etc, etc. A tower in the time.

See Also:   Watertoren: Noord-Holland > Bussum

Cirkulation 3/2013

A free translation to English:

Water unites heaven and earth in the eternal cycle. Sky and water were also united in Hamburg's water tower in Winterhude. Architect Oscar Menzel won the 1907 an ideas competition for this tower, located in the end of a 1 400 m long axis in the Hamburg city park. The tower was in operation in the city high zone 1916 to 1924, when it partially lost its function when the city's two pressure zones were merged.

1930 a planetarium was added in the tower bottom and 1944 became the water pipe to the tower so damaged by a bomb that the tower was brought out of operation. The 64.5 m high tower, which is heritage building since 1981, contained 3 000 m³ of water.

See Also:   Wassertürme: Hamburg > Winterhude

Cirkulation 2/2013

A free translation to English:

How to act if a region is the largest and best in peach cultivation and the neighboring state instead unjustified is known for this? You design the new water tower as a peach and place it next to a busy highway. For that reason you find since 1981 a 20 meter high peach water tower in steel along Interstate 85 in Gaffney, South Carolina, USA.

It's a juicy peach with no core, from which one can get 3 800 m³ of water. The water tower design by Peter Freudenberg is so observed that it is almost a traffic hazard. This has given rise to tourism, but also a similar, but half as large copy in Clanton, Alabama.

See Also:   Water Towers: South Carolina > Gaffney

Cirkulation 1/2013

A free translation to English:

When we today look at Austria and Hungary on the map, we see landlocked countries. But that was not the case a century ago. At that time the dual monarchy of Austria-Hungary had both coasts and ports on the Adriatic. The Habsburg Empire large export and import port was the city of Trieste.

That is one of the reasons why you today in Trieste harbor find many beautiful, more than 100 years old port warehouses and one old water tower, all reminiscent of the empire's heyday. The cosmopolitan city, which in more than 500 years belonged to Austria, came after World War I to be part of Italy and serve a reduced area.

See Also:   Torri dell'acquedotti: Friuli-Venezia-Giulia > Trieste

Eber's Water Towers 2012

Cirkulation 8/2012

A free translation to English:

The Nobel Prize Winner Nils Bohr was one of those who were behind the founding of the Research Center Risø, north of the Danish city of Roskilde, where research of a peaceful use of nuclear power would take place. In order to cool down the reactors require water and this water shall have safe and quick access with one of the laws of physics, the law of gravity.

Therefore, it was built 1959 a 45 meter high water tower on the ground above the Risø, with a cooling reservoir of 300 m³. The tower was designed by Preben Hansen and Paul Niepoort. Since the last reactor at Risø was closed a few years ago, the tower ceased operation.

See Also:   Vandtårne: Roskilde > Risø

Cirkulation 7/2012

The Swedish king Gustavus Adolphus died on the foggy battlefield Lützen November 6th 1632. November 6th in the Julian calendar, is in today's Gregorian calendar November 16th.
Scania was 1632 not a part of Sweden.


A free translation to English:


Lützen is for many people connected with water-saturated air in November, a conception that especially history books have built up. The air in this German city in the federal state of Saxony-Anhalt and the famous battlefield in the northeast, towards Saxony’s largest city Leipzig, however, is not always water-saturated.

The sun is successful here, as everywhere else, many times evaporate the humidity, which is good when the city’s water tower shall be photographed. By that perhaps this month’s issue of Cirkulation, now 380 years later after the most famous Lützen fog, can be successful to show a different and more sunnier side of the city.

See Also:   Wassertürme: Sachsen-Anhalt > Lützen

Cirkulation 6/2012

Gnesta is a town and Malmö is a city in Sweden. Both with water towers that can compete with Ypsilanti.

A free translation to English:


East of the neighbouring university town Ann Arbor and some miles west of the Motor City, Detroit, State of Michigan in the USA is the town of Ypsilanti, the name of a Greek freedom hero in 1800s. At the highest point in town, standing since 1890 a 46 meter high water tower with a reservoir of 950 m³.

The tower in limestone, which is designed by William R. Coats, was declared as an American Water Landmark in 1975 and restored in 1976. In a poll organized by a magazine was the tower chosen as the most phallic building in the world. The question is if whether they had knowledge of the water towers in Gnesta and Södervärn in Malmö.

See Also:   Water Towers: Michigan > Ypsilanti

Cirkulation 5/2012

A free translation to English:

Water as water, was perhaps the thought when one canal company in England 1811 founded a water company, Grand Junction Waterworks Company, at a time when water supply in London was run by private companies. 1883 they built a pumping station in western London, Kew Bridge Pumping Station.

With the help of steam engines water was pumped from Thames to a slow sand filter and then out on the net. It was built in 1867 a 61 meter high standpipe. These are in the Anglo-Saxon world sometimes called water towers. Pump station operation was closed down in 1944, and since 1973 is here a museum, with steam operation every weekend.

See Also:   Water Towers: Great London > Gunnersbury

Cirkulation 4/2012

The Swedish word "lik" can mean both "like" and "corpse".

A free translation to English:


Water is considered a precondition to the origin of the life. The form of the water tower in the French village of Croix, just west of the Swiss city Basel, suggests, however the end of the life. The explanation of the form is likely that the architect wanted to allude to the village’s name, which translated means Cross.

There will be no less remarkable in that the tower stands next to the village’s cementary. Like a water tower or not, the tower’s form is fascinating even if you do not have a morbid disposition. Water towers that illustrates name of a village must be very rare, if ever there are any other such towers.

See Also:   Châteaux d'eau: Département 90 > Croix

Cirkulation 3/2012

In the translation is the Swedish word "enastående" translated to "remarkable" but can also mean "stands alone".

A free translation to English:


A small house on the top of a Eifel tower one might characterize the water tower in the town Groitzsch south of Leipzig in the German federal state of Saxony. It is remarkable, because the other two towers built in the style now is scrapped. Dortmund firm August Klönne designed the 45 meter high water tower, which has a reservoir of 300 m³.

The tower, that was in service 1904, was damaged by bombers in World War II, but was repaired and is still in operation. The public has the opportunity to get onto the observation deck during the City Festival and Doors Open Days, and then it’s obviously a queue.

See Also:   Wassertürme: Sachsen > Groitzsch

Cirkulation 2/2012

In the famous Swedish novel series (four novels) “The Emigrants” by the author Vilhelm Moberg are the main characters Karl-Oskar and Kristina, Swedish emigrants moving to the USA (East Minnesota) in 19th century.

Lindström is a not uncommon Swedish last name. A wellknown Swedish dish is “Biff à la Lindström”. My Swedish original version of the English sentence "It's in the bag" is a Swedish expression that can be linked to "Beef à la Lindström”.


A free translation to English:

In todays global electronic world is the domination of the English language evident, and the letters that this language use standardizing. It means that even closely related language as the Swedish, sometimes got problem with the letters that the English not have. Å, Ä och Ö will not seldom be A, A and O, which sometimes got comic results.

When the little Swedish town Lindstrom in eastern Minnesota in USA, the new home district of Karl-Oskar and Kristina, got a new water tower, it was painted in yellow and blue. To put icing on the cake, recounted one name with the old language dots over o:et. It’s in the bag.

See Also:   Water Towers: Lindstrom

Cirkulation 1/2012

A free translation to English:

City Fires used to be a major threat in former times, paricularly in wooden cities, disasters that of course was tried to forestall. A solution was patrolling fireguards, as the Swedish speaking town Ekenäs in the southern Finland had after a big fire 1821. Another solution was to watch over the town from a tall building.

When Ekenäs built a new water tower in 1931, there were at the top of the tower’s two-story lantern room for a fire watcher. Room that however did not come to be used for its intended purpose. The 35 meter high tower, with a reservoir of 370 m³, was designed by architecht Ragnar Wessman. Tower operation was closed 1977th.

See Also:   Water Towers: Raseborg > Ekenäs

Eber's Water Towers 2011

Cirkulation 8/2011

A free translation to English:

In 1902 it was built a water tower in the German town Tondern, that was situated in the then Schleswig-Holstein. The 39 meter high brick tower, with a reservoir of 200 m³, the upper corbelling part was covered by slates. When Denmark 1920 regained Nordslesvig [Northern Schleswig], now called Sønderjylland [Southern Jutland], the town was changed name to Tønder.

After the tower ceased operation 1980, it was after a donation 1994 renovated, with the upper part was lift down, rebuilt and replaced. In the now 40 meter high tower with a prospect over the salt marches, it is a permanent exhibition of chairs designed the town’s son, the famous furniture designer Hans Wegner.

See Also:   Vandtårne: Tønder

Cirkulation 7/2011

A free translation to English:

The first water tower with a hyperbolic stucture was constructed by the Russian engineer Vladimir Sjuchov to a Pan-Russian exhibition 1896 in Nizhny Novgorod (Gorky during the Soviet era). Hyperbolic towers can be built with straight struts, there the strut angle is narrower in middle than in base and top. It will be both stronger and slender towers.

The 30 meter high water tower in the municipality Möglingen, 15 km north of Stuttgart in the German federal state of Baden-Württemberg, has a reservoir of 400 m³. The tower with a diameter of 9,6 m at the ground, 7 m at the waist and 15,5 m at the top, was designed by architect R Kessler and became operational in 1965.

See Also:   Wassertürme: Baden-Württemberg > Möglingen

Cirkulation 6/2011

A free translation to English:

What would the fire department be without water? Limited. The fire department is thus living in symbiosis with the water works. When, in the early 1990s, the city of Hinesville in Georgia in the U.S., built a new water tower, holding 9 460 m³ water, the lower space of the tower was not used.

When, 10 years later, the city needed a fire station in the same area, it was realized that it would be cheaper if it was established in the water tower. Today the space below the water reservoir is a fire station on three floors, with fire trucks, sleeping room and exercise room. The firefighters can then sleep soundly, knowing that the water is always close to them.

See Also:   Water Towers: Georgia > Hinesville

Cirkulation 5/2011

A free translation to English:

Po Valley is a fertile region and Italy's main industrial centers. On the plain meanders the Po river, the country's longest river and alongside the river, twenty km from Parma, is the city Casalmaggiore situated beneath an embankment to protect against river flooding.

In the city center was built during the fascist period a water tower, "Torre Littoria", a name manifesting the then political regime. The architecture is typical of the contemporary public buildings. The square tower, which was completed in 1936, has side length 9 m and a height of 40 m. Today, the tower has only a mobile phone mast function.

See Also:   Torri dell'acquedotto: Lombardia > Casal­maggiore

Cirkulation 4/2011

A free translation to English:

Borkum is the largest and westernmost of the German East Frisian Islands and consists mostly of marshlands and sand dunes. In earlier times had the islanders there own wells, but with increased population and tourism were there built a waterworks in the sand dunes one kilometer east of the buildings.

Nearer the buildings were there at the same time built a water tower and in 1901 were both in operation. The tower, however, lost its function in 1955, but received in 1983 from the public authority protection as monument and has now got its own conservation association. Northwest of the island is the shoal Borkumriff, known for its lightship and from the radio weather reports.

See Also:   Wassertürme: Niedersachsen > Borkum

Cirkulation 3/2011

A free translation to English:

In Finnish Österbotten stood there until the 1950s, Vasa on the top of the place name signs and Vaasa thereunder, when you approached the city. It showed that there was a Swedish-speaking majority here. But since then the majority has shifted, so now is it standing Vaasa on the top.

At the time when Finland was a grand duchy of Russia, was there advertise an architectural competition for a new water tower in the city. The brothers Jussi and Toivo Paatela won and in 1915 was the 47 m high water tower in the Art Nouveau style with a reservoir of 500 m³ completed. For a long time you could walk the 200 steps to the tower's observation deck and look out over the city.

Se även:   Vattentorn: Vasa

Cirkulation 2/2011

A free translation to English:

When the Netherlands in old times wanted to communicate with their colonies, for example with the almost antipodes colony that is present Indonesia, it was necessary when the technology made it possible to have a large radio transmitter. One such facility, designed by architect J. M. Luthmann was built on a heath near Apeldoorn.

A cathedral-like main building, and since 1922 a 38 meter high water tower with a reservoir of 110 m³ water to cool down the heath from the radio tubes, still stands on the place called Radio Kootwijk. Now, there are no colonies and communication is replaced with other technologies.

See Also:   Watertorens: Gelderland > Radio Kootwijk

Cirkulation 1/2011

A free translation to English:

The largest water-borne disease in the U.S. hit the city of Milwaukee in 1993, when drinking water was contaminated by Cryptosporidium and caused some 50 deaths. More positively, was it in 1938, when a water tower was buildt in Art Deco at the water plant, an architecture style, as was cherished in the U.S. in the 1920s and 30s, and is exemplified in famous skyscrapers.

Even if verticality is common, there is few water towers in the United States in this style. The octagonal building, with a spheroidal reservoir of 3800 m³, has a stone facade on the outside of the steel skeleton. Waterworks office houses since water production ceased in 2001, other municipal administrations.

See Also:   Water Towers: Wisconsin > Milwaukee

Eber's Water Towers 2010

Cirkulation 8/2010

A free translation to English:

Architect Ib Lunding was a versatile talent, something he had the opportunity to practice in the city architect office in Copenhagen. He designed for example, the city's new trolley buses and trams, with its corners rounded windows.

His hallmark, round windows, also set their mark on it by him designed 34 meters high concrete water tower in the district Brønshøj. The tower that was built in 1928, has a reservoir of 3 000 m³. On the street past the tower went tram line 2, where his trams rolled the years 1931-69, why two of his design works has been met here. The water tower is since 2000 conservation protected.

See Also:   Vandtårne: København > Brønshøjsvej

Cirkulation 7/2010

A free translation to English:

Water Music was created by George Frideric Handel in the early 1700s. In the former water tower in Misburg near Hanover, Germany, 200 km northwest of Handel’s birthplace, Halle, is water tower music now created, however, it is more rock than Handel’s baroque.

The tower, now a symbol of Misburg, if not beautiful, is an old air protection bunker from the war, which was rebuilt 1959/60 to a water tower. It became privately owned in 1992 and converted into a music bunker with 10 music rehearsel rooms on four floors. Neighbours see it perhaps still as a shelter, now protect against the inside coming rock band sound.

See Also:   Wassertürme: Niedersachsen > Misburg

Cirkulation 6/2010

A free translation to English:

Most of the steel water towers are painted, if not else so to reduce the corrosion. When the painting bucket still is there, many towers also get an additional painting. In USA is it not quite uncommon that name and emblem oft the town’s football team in this way is exposed on the water tower.

In a suburb of Washington DC, Manassas, Virginia, they have gone one step further. Here has they on the tower stated that the town’s school, Osbourn High School, in 2006 became the state’s champion, and also added the digits (14-0) and by that stated that the team that year won 14 games and lost 0 games. We understand that they are proud.

See Also:   Water Towers: Virginia > Manassas

Cirkulation 5/2010

A free translation to English:

Csepel is an island and district in the Hungarian capital Budapest. It lies on the eastern flat Pest side of the Danube River; there a branch of the river east of the island is reunited with the Danube. There is since a long time industries and low buildings in the district, but in the 1980s there was even built residential tower blocks.

To also be able to supply adequate pressure to the upper floors, a water tower here was built 1980-84, designed by Lázló Tóth and Imre Pálfy. It was a classical ground cast striped mushroom water tower, 70 meter high and with a reservoir capacity of 3 000 m³. The design was apparently good, since it was build three sister towers.

See Also:   Viztornyok: Budapest > Csepel

Cirkulation 4/2010

A free translation to English:

The water tower par préférence is standing at Friedrichsplatz in Mannheim, Germany. In an architectural competition of the tower design 1884 won the architect Gustav Halmhuber. With a reservoir of 2 000 m³ was the monumental 60 meter high new baroque tower in yellow sandstone inaugurated 1889, 2½ times more expensive than planned.

Mannheim is a large and very important industrial city on the Rhine, so the tower was roughly treated during the bombing raids 1943-45. After the war, there were plans to rebuild the tower to a concrete construction, but after popular protests the tower was restored in 1960s and is today the city’s pride and symbol.

See Also:   Wassertürme: Baden-Württemberg > Mannheim

Cirkulation 3/2010

A free translation to English:

Pillars or struts that carry up a water tower shall not only on a safe way fill the function, but shall also visual convince the viewer about it. The concrete water tower in Trent Park in Cockfosters in the north London hopefully does this. Building proprietor was the then Lee Valley Water Company, with the Chief Engineer J.W. Milne and the General Manager E.H. Riley.

The straight struts forming a striking interlaced hyperbolic lattice; there every strut is inclined 120° to the ground. The tower, which for some time, there were plans to have a restaurant at the top, is from 1968 and has a reservoir of 1 130 m³. It is owned today by Veolia Water UK.

See Also:   Water Towers: Greater London > Cockfosters

Cirkulation 2/2010

A free translation to English:

Can a water tower to become a minaret? The possibility exists in the town of Oss in the southern Netherlands, but has not yet been realized. It is valid for the architect J H J Kording drawn 48.5 meter high water tower from 1935, with a reservoir of 600 m³. The now decommissioned tower, a historic building, could a Turkish-Muslim community for a few years ago bought for 1 Euro.

In the tower there was a grocer’s shop, and in the low building a mosque. The tower maintenance burden, however, the community’s finances, so it is now hope for revenues from mobile antenna rents. They have experienced, almost free is not always cheap.

See Also:   Watertorens: Noord-Brabant > Oss

Cirkulation 1/2010

A free translation to English:

How to be different among many equals? One way is to be individual. Somewhat that even can be valid to water towers. In USA there it is very many standardized water towers, can individualization be attain by painting the name of the place on the tower, with or without a symbol, and often on two sides to reach all wayfarer.

Another way to get a spherical water tower to be individual is to paint a Smiley. The dilemma is that this thought has turned up in a thirty different places in USA. In Ashley in Indiana has the Smiley therefore been more personal through that it even has got a bow tie.

See Also:   Water Towers: Indiana > Ashley

Eber's Water Towers 2009

Cirkulation 8/2009

A free translation to English:

It will easy happen when the future looks light; to spend more on a new building than what should have been done in a hard time. The new water tower shall perhaps shine a little more than the tower in the neighbouring town. When the Jutland town Kolding in the 1960s should built a new water tower in the east part of the town, was Denmark in such light period.

The new water tower of Kolding that stood ready 1967, got in spite of it was more expensive, an outside steel skeleton covered with light metal plates. It was architect Henning Noes-Pedersen that draw the 42 meter high tower with the volume 750 m³. It became a shining tower.

See Also:   Vandtårne: Kolding

Cirkulation 7/2009

A free translation to English:

6 years of uptime is not much of a water tower. It was between 1957 and 1963 which the 18.5 m high water tower in red sandstone in the village Utscheid-Buscht in the south Eifel Mountains in Germany was in operation. On the other hand, the reservoir volume was not impressive, only 30 m³.

In 1993 transformed the architecture professor Oswald Mathias Unger, the old water tower for their own holiday home in five floors, with a spiral staircase and modern facilities. The present owners, a Dutch couple, has in the tower also created a small concert hall, there the public sometimes is invited to evenings of classical music and poetry.

See Also:   Wassertürme: Rheinland-Pfalz > Utscheid

Cirkulation 6/2009

A free translation to English:

There are water towers that fulfil its function, without to get any attention – so far they supply good water with an adequate pressure. Such a water tower is there in the Italian city Pisa, there however this water tower broke the anonymity by wearing the arms of the city.

In the same city is there an another tower that not supplies the citizens with water, and moreover leans because it is insufficiently piled in a ground consist of sand, clay, gravel and under that blue clay. In other words a tower that not has been as it was planned. But this tower got more attention. There is no gratitude in this world.

See Also:   Torri dell'acquedotti: Toscana > Pisa

Cirkulation 5/2009

A free translation to English:

A grey water tower of concrete without windows was some years ago rebuilt to a luxurious conference centre with a tourist office, belvedere and at the top a revolving panorama restaurant with space for 200 guests. Could the change be so must greater?

The Mediterranean Lighthouse, as the tower now is named, is standing in the seaside resort Palavas-les-Flots on the French Mediterranean coast, a few kilometres south of the city Montpellier. When it gets dark the lighting of the tower shifts in all spectral colours, and at that time the restaurant probably serve colourful drinks, that not only contents water.

See Also:   Châteaux d'eau: Département 34 > Palavas-les-Flots

Cirkulation 4/2009

A free translation to English:

Water towers in USA can in some cases be what we call stand pipes. The architectural shape is however normal so distinctive that they can be ranged in our series of water towers. The North Point Water Tower in the city of Milwaukee in the state of Wisconsin in USA is a such water tower.

It is drawn by architect Charles A. Gombert in Victorian Limestone Gothic. The 53 m high tower contain a fully 36 m high stand pipe with a diameter of 1.2 m. It stood ready 1874 and was first out of operation 1963. The water tower that stands close to the Lake Michigan has even served as a beacon. It is now an American Water Landmark.

See Also:   Water Towers: Wisconsin > Milwaukee

Cirkulation 3/2009

A free translation to English:

A water tower gives on distance a distinct signal. In the most cases when you approach a certain place. But the water tower in Hohenlockstedt north of Hamburg in Germany, built 1900-01, and in operation until 1980s, gave in former times a signal that could mean the difference between life and dead.

Here is in a pylon on the tower a raise ball that in former times show when there was live-cartridge practice in the nearby situated training ground of the Prussian army. Here is even a sign on the tower that in German and Finnish state that here have Finnish commandos been trained. Commandos in the battle of Finnish self-government, there later these became the essence of the Finnish army.

See Also:   Wassertürme: Schleswig-Holstein > Hohenlockstedt

Cirkulation 2/2009

A free translation to English:

Those who want to live a high life, have now the opportunity to do it in London. Here can anyone today buy a Victorian rebuilt water tower at the earlier Brook Hospital, south of Greenwich to a price of 15-20 millions of Swedish crowns. The high life is not cheaply. Then you get a house of 330 m², that except the water tower even include a ground-close extension building in two floors.

During the World War II was there a liaison central of the Anti-Aircraft Command in the interior of the Kvinnoberget. After the war, 1946 was the upper part of the tower rebuilt after drawings by Eero Jokilehto. From the new belvedere platform could the Finlander now again peaceful scout to the east.

See Also:   Vattentorn: S:t Michel/Mikkeli > Naisvuori

Cirkulation 1/2009

A free translation to English:

Those who want to live a high life, have now the opportunity to do it in London. Hm2 anyone today buy a Victorian rebuilt water tower at the earlier Brook Hospital, south of Greenwich to a price of 15-20 millions of Swedish crowns. The high life is not cheaply. Then you get a house of 330 m², that except the water tower even include a ground-close extension building in two floors.

The remaining rooms are found in the ninth floors tower, one on each floor and with minimal windows. Fortunately is there a lift and a staircase, even if these take half of the area. On the top is there a room with prospect over the entire London. Is it maybe a priceless prospect?

See Also:   Water Towers: Greater London > Shooter's Hill

Eber's Water Towers 2008

Cirkulation 8/2008

The Swedish word “skål” means both “bowl” and “toast”.

A free translation to English :


A bowl open to the heaven can both symbolize that we gratefully receive the from above coming life-giving liquid, and that this liquid is bringing to the citizens. A pantry of the water that always is available with quality articles. In Haderslev, a town in the Danish South Jutland, was there built a concrete water tower 1991-92, that very much visualize this.

Architect Wolfgang Kleemann has here shaped a water tower as a bowl, standing on two plates. The tower has a diameter of 32 m and a height of 18 m, and has been given the volume of 3 300 m³. It became a tower with plain and distinct lines. Bowl for the water/Toast to the water.

See Also:   Vandtårne: Haderslev

Cirkulation 7/2008

A free translation to English:

Is it possible to extinguish fire with firewater? On the roof of the head office of the distillery Brown-Foreman in the city of Louisville in Kentucky in USA is there standing a water tower shaped as a bourbon bottle (American whisky), and with the task to be a water reserve of any possible fires.

The painting on the steel water tower is reflecting one of the great trade marks of the company, Old Forester, which was brought out as early as 1870 and that contain 43 % combustible liquid. The 19 metres high rivet tower containing 100 % extinguish water to a volume of 100 000 US gallon (378 m³). During the years has the water tower change painting, when the original has change design.

See Also:   Water Towers: Kentuckey > Louisville

Cirkulation 6/2008

A free translation to English:

It is not quite unusually to find solid water towers on German manors. Such example is the manor Wulmenau, south of Lübeck and only 5 kilometres east of an Autobahn that many from Scandinavia drive when they shall go southbound. These holiday-makers should if they sometimes derivate from the German car artery discover a new civilized world.

The water tower in Wulmenau that was in operation 1912-1972 is built in reinforced concrete on a foundation of natural stone. The five storey high tower with a reservoir on 50 m³ is today classified as a monument. The owner is now looking of investors that can make dwellings in the tower.

See Also:   Wassertürme: Schleswig-Holstein > Wulmenau

Cirkulation 5/2008

A free translation to English:

In the town Faro on the Portuguese coast of Algarve are there two water towers that are so similar that they could be called twins. One tower is standing in the west and logic is the other tower standing in the east. The explanation of the distinctive tower design could be the allusion of the Moorish past period.

The towers supply together 220 m³ water per hour on average in the high zone of the town. The tower of the picture is built 1967 in a project under the management of engineer F. G. Burnay de Mendonça. The high reservoir has a volume of 1 000 m³, which is supplemented by a low reservoir of 4 600 m³ on the tower foundation.

See Also:   Torres da água: Faro > Faro

Cirkulation 4/2008

A free translation to English:

Stazione Termini, Rome Central Station, is named after one of the Roman large baths, Diocletianus thermae, there baths was going on in alternating warm and cold water. On the opposite part of the station area is there two flank water towers that ought to have delivered cold water to the locomotives, water that thereafter was heated.

The water towers are drawn by chief engineer and chief architect Angiolo Mazzoni that was inspired by the Constructivist architecture style. The towers as well as the renewal of the station were a work on the eve of the great World Exhibition 1942 in Rome, an event that however comes to nothing.

See Also:   Torri dell'acquedotti: Lazio > Roma, Termini

Cirkulation 3/2008

A free translation to English:

Water is an important elixir, and something we shall stand up for. This was taken literally when they build a water tower in Washburn Park in Minneapolis in USA. Here were eight guardians (guardians of health) set up around the whole water tower. Permanent. To make doubly sure they even set up eight eagles to watch over the environment.

The sculptures are works by John K. Daniels, lived in the neighbourhood like Harry Wild Jones, who was the architect of the 34 meter high water tower with the volume 5 100 m³. To its unique design and to its monumental sculptures the water tower has since 1983 been listed on the National Register of Historic Places.

See Also:   Water Towers: Minnesota > Minneapolis

Cirkulation 2/2008

A free translation to English:

There storks exist there is it water. A good rule with considering where these birds got there feed. More unusual is the rule that there storks exist there is it water towers. This is however valid in the German village Rühstädt on the river Elbe, 150 km upstream Hamburg.

In the park of the castle is since 1885 a water tower standing with a stork’s nest since 1952. With further circa 140 storks in the village, the birth rate should be large, but here is only 240 inhabitants living. But they got a stork feather in the hat, when they were elected to the European Village of Storks 1996. The water tower that’s were out of duty 1912 and was been restored 1992 is a symbol of Rühstädt.

See Also:   Wassertürme: Brandenburg > Rühstädt

Cirkulation 1/2008

A free translation to English:

Charles Laganne in the south French city Toulouse left 1822 a large sum of money with the intention to make distribution of pure, clean and pleasant water possible; there the source was the river Garonne. 60 000 persons got 1828 benefit of a construction with both filter and water tower.

In the water tower of bricks there were in the lower part paddle wheels and in the upper part reservoirs. When the demand of capacity was increasing, the tower, lost its original function, but was 1943 a historic building. Today is the water tower an Art Gallery and Photo Museum; there the old pumps enhance the value of attraction.

See Also:   Châteaux d'eau: Département 31 > Toulouse

Eber's Water Towers 2007

Cirkulation 8/2007

A free translation to English:

Herlufsholm in Denmark was a medieval Benedictine monastery that 1565 was transformed to a boarding school, there preferably the Danish noblesse sent there boys. As many other independent enclaves, was part of the infra­struc­ture even here regulated inside the institute, as the water tower of the school from 1911.

As a pretentious star school there it even here an astro­nomic observatory. It was built on the top of a pump house; there the water was taken from the small river. When this building was demolished, the new observatory was 1970/71 located to the roof of the water tower. The pupils could then again sight towards the stars.

See Also:   Vattentorn: Næstved > Herlufsholm

Cirkulation 7/2007

A free translation to English:

It is not quite unusual that older water towers that not longer are in duty get a new task as belvedere. As a rule will in that case pipes and reservoirs be remain intact, either it happens because of the expense or by building antiquarian reasons. Unusual is it however that the whole upper part of the tower is lifting away and replaced with a copy.

That happens nevertheless in year 2001 in the Estonian town Viljandi, when its 30 meter high water tower, built 1911 and out of duty 1960, through a collection of the Rotary Club in the town, get a new octagonal three storey upper part. You can now here see both the view and historic pictures of the town.

See Also::   Veetorn: Viljandimaa > Viljandi

Cirkulation 6/2007

A free translation to English:

The Hungarian capital Budapest is divided of the tremendous river Danube. Once time it was two cities, Buda and Pest. Pest on the east side, there the Hungarian flat land spread, and Buda on the west side of Danube, there the hilly landscape begins.

On one of the heights here, which has got the sacral name the Hill of God, were there built an octagonal water tower after drawings from the architect professor Szilárd Zielinsky. He drew many water towers and was one of the pioneers of the reinforced concrete. The tower at Buda got a total height of ca. 33 m and a reservoir with the diameter 6,2 meter and a volume of 200 m³.

See Also:   Viztornyok: Budapest > Svábhegy

Cirkulation 5/2007

A free translation to English:

The new water tower in Tienen, a town in the Flemish part of Belgium, has been build with the ambition to be an open construction in the landscape and not disturb or blockade the sight. For even if water is transparent, so is concrete not.

Architect Ortwin Deroo has drawn the 46 meter high white water tower, there one from the outlook platform on the top, get a good view over the surrounding. The halfway up located footbridge has got a dark grey colour in order to strengthen its function. The tower, that was finished 2001, is built in reinforced concrete and have room for two reservoirs, each on 500 m³.

See Also:   Watertoren: Vlaams Branbant > Tienen


Cirkulation 4/2007

A free translation to English:

In The Eternal City Rome, the old and the new are mixed. At Porta Maggiore there are many old aqueducts, but even a 70 year old water tower. The tower has inscript­ions above a temple gable. Uppermost the acronym SPQR, Senatus Populusque Romanus (The Senate and the Roman people) used under the Roman Empire as well as in modern time.

Under the SPQR there is an asymmetric time denunciation; 1934 in Latin letters, as well as a vacant space. The year of the vacant space, EF XIII, is able to get with help of the wall ties. EF stands for the Fascists Time, Era Fascista, that started 28/10 1922. Everything do not last for ever.

See Also:   Torri dell'acquedotti: Lazio > Roma

Cirkulation 3/2007

A free translation to English:

A view with water tower, wagons loaded with brown coal and two-stroke cars. The impression of DDR is clear, which not the air was. The smell of brown coal is still perceptible, when the picture of the German water tower on the Prenz­lauer Berg in Berlin is project­ed on the retina. The area around the water tower was from the be­ginning a wind mill hill, there the English 1855/56 built a water work, which however was closed down 1915.

Still stand, excluding a 150 years old standpipe of bricks, is the water tower on the picture. A water tower with stand pipe built 1875, that was housing flats al­ready from the beginning. It has meet experience from many of Berlin’s political regimes.

See Also:   Wassertürme: Berlin > Prenzlauer Berg

Cirkulation 2/2007

Stockholm has the epithet the Venice of the North.

A free translation to English:


Venezia, Venice, Venedig is attractive names. It is many cities that try to compare themselves with the old city state. One close example is the Venice of the North. It is therefore not sur­prising that cities are using reputation loans, as Venice in Florida.

The landscape conditions exist here in the water rich state, there the ground not raise many meters over the ocean. However is there lack of the architecture likeness with the universal heritage city. It is more car than gondola. There is however a heart in the city, paint­ed on the spheroid water tower, there it even is telling that Venice is a city on the Gulf of Mexico.

See Also:   Water Towers: Florida > Venice

Cirkulation 1/2007

A free translation to English:

Must a water tower be beautiful? Not always, which the water tower in Carnon-Plage in the south France is obvious to everyone. It doesn’t need to be beautiful, only it serves its purpose – to be an anchorage point for the mobile phone installations. The tower has even get the task to give the name to the bus stop at the tower – Carnon, Chateau d'eau.

Moreover has the water tower, hopefully, even the function to supply good drinking water to the consumer on the of salt-filled winds exposed sand bank outside the coast of Montpellier, half-way towards the large holiday resort la Grande-Motte.

See Also:   Châteaux d'eau: Département 34 > Carnon-Plage

Eber's Water Towers 2006

Cirkulation 8/2006

Småland is a region in Sweden, north of Scania.

A free translation to English:


The Western Jutland is a region in Denmark with lean soil, which has created rough conditions for the inhabitants. It has forced them to both economic and enterprising spirit. The similarity with the Småland is obvious, both when it concern the economic and the religious conditions.

The economy virtue came to an expression 1950, when Herning, a metropolis in the moor land, should build a new water tower, but even a new church. The potential of the savings was obvious if the water tower and the church tower could be combined. The tower of the church Saint John, designed by Öllegaard and Packness, contain therefore today a water reservoir of 400 m³.

See Also:   Vandtårne: Herning

Cirkulation 7/2006

A free translation to English:

One advantage with water towers is the height. Exclusive of pressure in the pipes you also often get a 360 degrees view of the surrounding. Somewhat that is developed on the water tower in Joachimsthal, a small town 50 kilometres north of Berlin.

The tower was built 1960 and was out of operation 1990. It was discovered by the British artist and architect couple Sarah Phillips and Richard Hurding, who now have a 99-year leasehold of the monument protected building. With contribution from EU there has built an elevator tower beside the staircase surrounded tower, now a residence. Therefore can visitors today without charges have a look at the surrounded UNESCO designated biosphere national park.

See Also:   Wassertürme: Brandenburg > Joachimsthal

Cirkulation 6/2006

A free translation to English:

Agro Pontino is a region south of Rome that under the antique was an important agricultural district, but as later was changed to a swamp. Under 1920/1930-ies the area was drain of and restored to fertile ground. There became even new towns, as the 1935 founded Pontinia; there the water tower was one of the first buildings.

The town and the tower is works by the architect Oriolo Frezzotti and the engineer Alfredo Pappalardo. The nearly 29 m high tower in concrete has a reservoir on 180 m³, and a front there bricks put in layers with travertine. On three pedestals on the base of the tower should it stand statues, a project that however not comes off.

See Also:   Torri dell'acquedotti: Lazio > Pontinia

Cirkulation 5/2006

The Swedish word “tankar” can mean both tanks and thoughts.

A free translation to English:


Some tanks/thoughts are global. It seems even to be valid for water-tanks/water-thoughts. When there are many spherical steel water towers in the world, the thought to paint the tank as a globe must spontaneous turn up at some persons, on more than one place on the globe. The Scanian place Bjärnum is one example; another is Bierbeek in the Belgian Flanders.

The 29 meter high water tower at Bierbeek, with a reservoir on 500 cubic meters, stood clear 1969. The year 1993 get it the global painting, which done the tower so well-known and popular, that it now has been the municipalities logo. A worth considering thought is that the tank till circa 70 percent is blue-painted, that part of the globe that is water.

See Also:   Watertorens: Vlaams Brabant > Bierbeek
See Also:   Vattentorn: Hässleholm > Bjärnum


Cirkulation 4/2006

The Swedish national football team was stationed in Bremen under the World Championship 2006, the same month as this article was published.

A free translation to English:


The river Weser flow through the old free German Hanseatic town Bremen, with the football arena Weserstadion on the right bank and the city’s oldest water tower on the left bank. The 47 meter high tower in red bricks and cornices of sandstone, four octagonal corner-towers, two cisterns on total 1 700 cubic metres and below pumps operated by steam engines, stood clear 1873 and are drawn by Fr. R. Th. Berg and J. G. Poppe.

In one corner-tower was there a chimney, in two towers inlet and outlet pipes and in the fourth tower a staircase. The tower was hit by a bomb under the last war, but is today restored, declared as a monument and in duty.

See Also:   Wassertürme: Bremen


Cirkulation 3/2006

A free translation to English:

In the northern part of the Gulf of Bothnia is the Finnish town Kemi situated. Here was 1939-42 a 52 m and 14 storied high town hall built, drawn by Bertel Strömmer, with two reservoirs of total 500 m³ in the upper part of the house. After the peace between Finland and the Soviet Union 1944 became the German forced to retreat northbound and destroyed much under there’s retreat. In Kemi blasted they a three storied big hole in the town hall which nevertheless was still standing and could be repaired and extended 1945.

A new enlargement of the town hall, drawn by Aarne Ervi, was done 1965-69, and at that time three new cistern was added, so that the total volume of the five reservoirs was 2 500 m³.

See Also:   Vattentorn: Kemi

Cirkulation 2/2006

A free translation to English:

Water damages in dwelling-houses are a growing problem according to the insurance statistics. Seeing that it around the world is a lot of buildings that combine dwellings with a water reservoir would these houses according to the logic run a bigger risk to get damages. These risks would not at least touch Germany with its many dwelling-houses with water reservoirs on the top.

In Velbert, a German town between the rivers Ruhr and Wupper was it built a water tower of this type in the year 1957. On the top of the house is there a 10 m high reservoir in pre-stressed reinforced concrete with a volume on total 3 000 m³ water. It is many drops of water that strive down.

See Also:   Wassertürme: Nordrein-Westfalen > Velbert

Cirkulation 1/2006

A free translation to English:

Château d'eau, the French word for water tower is the famous construction called that stands in Montpellier, a city in the south France. In our nomenclature should the tower instead be called ground reservoir. The water reservoir, located on the city’s highest point, is underneath the magnificent hexagonal temple superstructure with it´s Corinthian capital from 1768, drawn by architect Jean Antoine Giral.

From the river Lez was the water let to the reservoir on an aqueduct that is 880 m long and 22 m high, and inspired by the little more north located famous Roman aqueduct Pont du Gard.

See Also:   Châteaux d'eau: Département 34 > Montpellier

Eber's Water Towers 2005

Cirkulation 8/2005

Lolland is an island in Denmark.

A free translation to English:


In the southernmost and smallest town in Denmark, Nysted in Lolland was 1912-13 a 35 meter high water tower with a reservoir on 94 m³ erected. The yellow plastered weakly conical concrete tower with white cornices, an entrance in new baroque and a red sixteen side mansard roof of tiles, was designed by architect Alf. Jørgensen and engineer Georg Jochumsen.

The tower that was in duty until 1976 was renovated 1977 and 1988. Thereafter house it exhibitions and give visitors possibility to walk up and admire the view under the summer months. It became the sixth water tower that was declared as a monument.

See Also:   Vandtårne: Guldborgsund > Nysted

Cirkulation 7/2005

A free translation to English:

There is usually sparring with water towers of the greatest distinction on the Vulcan islands, because the topography here gives good preferences to the alternative of ground reservoirs. One exception that confirms the rule is standing in Santa Cruz on the Tenerife Island. Here is a big oil refinery situated, the oldest in Spain, with a very common standard steel water tower.

The question is if the function of the water tower nowadays is the primary, there it is standing on the approach of the motorway to the city. It has probably more the function of sign stand to the big oil company CEPSA that here present both time and temperature in digital form, but probably never need to present minus degrees.

See Also:   Torres del agua: Islas Canarias > Sanat Cruz de Tenerife

Cirkulation 6/2005

The English expression “it’s up the creek” correspond to the Swedish double-edged expression “uppåt vägg­arna”=”up to the walls”.

A free translation to English:


Was the Tower of Babel a water tower? The opposite condition was in any case the idea of the architect Christian de Portzamparcs, when he draws his first order, a water tower in the new region Marne-le-Vallèe, east of Paris.

The tower should be located in a roundabout in Noisiel, and the solution by the architect was not only a water tower in concrete but even a surrounded lattice work that alluded to the known Bible illustration of Gustave Doré. The lattice work should be covered by winding plants and produce the illusion of hanging gardens. A water tower built 1971 there the green is up the creek.

See Also:   Châteaux d'eau: Département 77 > Noisiel

Cirkulation 5/2005

Wasserturm = water tower.

A free translation to English:


In the water tower in the district Bruderholz of the Swiss city Basel wind the up and the down-staircase along the inner walls as two screw spirals. The 35 meter high tower in Art Deco-style from 1926, drawn by the architect Emil Vischer, got 2001 a lighter tint than the photo from 1984.

There are reservoirs of 500 m³ under the tower for a lower zone, and a reservoir of 320 m³ under the belvedere for a higher zone. To pass the entrance gate of the tower a less fee must be put down in a collection box. In the nearby Café Wasserturm was it possible at least in former time to enjoy of water that has passed coffee beans or tea leaf.

See Also:   Wassertürme: Schweiz > Basel

Cirkulation 4/2005

A free translation to English:

An ideal tower founded 1593, with a water tower in Art Nouveau from 1914-15 situated northwest Trieste in Italy. That is the tower of Palmanova; once time founded as a Venice frontier stronghold and built as what they at that time thought was a Roman ideal plan.

In the renaissance nine-sided town the streets converge radial some blocks from the hexagonal squire. It is described in the most textbooks in town geography or town planning. In the end of one of the radial streets a concrete water tower is standing, planned by engineer Schiavi. The tower, with a reservoir on 250 m³, was out of duty in the 1990s.

See Also:   Torri dell'acquedotti: Friuli-Venezia-Giulia > Palmanova

Cirkulation 3/2005

A free translation to English:

Water towers is solid buildings that stand strong even when the storm is whistling as most, which become verified when the writer 1992 saw a picture in a foreign colleague to the journal Cirkulation. The picture was photographed after the ravages of the hurricane Andrew in the south Florida the 24th August 1992 and showed an intact water tower in the middle of demolished houses and overthrow trees.

The tower with the often occurring American city name painting was known, because it had been photographed in April the same year, but at that time surrounded by wooded verdure in a prosperous community. The natural forces may be strong, but sometimes they can’t beat water towers.

See Also:   Water Towers: Florida > Homestead

Cirkulation 2/2005

A free translation to English:

Shout it from the housetops that water is a gift of God! That was perhaps the thought when architect A Tusek and engineer Josef Franzl shaped the water tower in the district Vinohrady in the Czech capital Prague. On a cornice stands here trumpet-angels in all corners of the tower and communicate the message.

It has not been saved of the front decoration on the new-renaissance tower from 1891, the only that is modest is the volume of the reservoir on 200 m³. The seven floor high tower, with a belvedere on the top, was taken out of duty 1962 and has after that been rebuilt to dwellings. The year 1993 was there made a reconstruction of the fronts and repair works of the clocks.

See Also:   Vodni vĕž: Praha > Vinohrady

Cirkulation 1/2005

A free translation to English:

Master Engineer G Oesten in Berlin, Germany got in May 1901 by the city of Flensburg in Schleswig a commission to construct a water tower at the existing water works in Mühlen­strasse. This because the supply in the upper pressure zone in the fjord city need to be better. 170 000 Gold mark was allowed to the building.

The building work started in autumn 1901 and was finished in August 1902. The pattern brick-built water tower become 29 m high and got a reservoir on 350 m³. At the final account in August 1902 made it plain that the building work was below the budget with circa 30 000 Gold mark, an experience grant few customer.

See Also:   Wassertürme: Schleswig-Holstein > Flensburg

Eber's Water Towers 2004

Cirkulation 8/2004

A free translation to English:

Frogs and water belongs together, but not in water towers. At the Lyngbyvej in Copenhagen, Denmark is it possible to see twinkle frogs outside the water tower, here as an illuminated advertising. It is a chimney water tower for the confectioner manufacturer of sweets, Galle & Jessen. The 50 m³ large reservoir from 1927 was putting up because the consumption was so large that the municipality main system not at all time could supply the needed water quantity.

The factory was moved 1988, but the water tower was still standing and was protected from 1998 and 10 years ahead. Therefore are there still advertise for one of the company’s great products – chocolate frogs.

See Also:   Vandtårne: København > Vibenshus Runddel

Cirkulation 7/2004

A free translation to English:

Can you call the water tower in Worms in Rheinland-Phalz as a water-cathedral? There are probably reasons for that. The water tower is apparently built in the same style as the cathedral in this German city. While the cathedral has it’s origin in 1000s, was the water tower built in 1888-1890. That characterize the cathedral is the late Romanesque style of 1100s, the same style that architect K Hofmann has applied to the water tower.

The 58 meter high tower has a reservoir on 1 200 m³. It is an expensive building to a city that at this time only had a population of 32 000 inhabitants and a consumption per capita of 103 litre/person and day.

See Also:   Wassertürme: Rheinland-Pfalz > Worms

Cirkulation 6/2004

A free translation to English:

Mice are often nearby the humans, with no exception of the water cultures. Thirty kilometres east of Paris are there since circa 10 years a little America – Euro Disney­land, with a water tower inspired by the Mickey Mouse. A tower that is possible to take photos from outside, in contrary to its colleague by Los Angeles.

The architect of the tower is in a more wide sense Walt Disney. The central meaning of the water tower is proved by that that in the emblem of the amusement park there are two equalling symbols – The Castle of The Sleeping Beauty and The Water Tower. One variant of the Mickey Mouse - the water tower variant is doubtless that, that not get water in the ears.

See Also:
Château d'eau: Département 77 > Val d´Europe

Cirkulation 5/2004

A free translation to English:

Water tower with gallery is not a quite usual phenomenon, but that are in the district Letna in the Czech capital city Prague. It is not known if the architect J. Fialka had the expression ‘play to the galleries’ from the time of Shakespeare in his mind when he design the tower, but it is good places he had shaped.

In the magnificent new renaissance tower form 1888, the architect makes a success to get a reservoir on 197 m³, which give much architecture per m³. The year 1913 was the tower rebuilt, so that there were apartments to the employees of the water work. Today run association’s activities in the rebuilt tower.

See Also:   Vodni vĕž: Prague > Letna

Cirkulation 4/2004

A free translation to English:

Drive across a water tower is not an everyday occurrence. That is however possible to do in five lanes and in two levels in San Francisco, USA. Under the suspension bridge the San Francisco – Oakland Bay Bridge, not to be mistaken for the Golden Gate Bridge, is there standing a smaller water tower, protected from rain. Earlier run over the bridge also the railway, but this traffic was replaced in the 1950s by cars.

The tower is not standing in the most safely blocks in the city, and absolute not as safe as the rather like water tower on the nearby island Alcatraz. Run over water towers has the writer otherwise only seen an excavator make.

See Also:   Water Towers: California > San Francisco

Cirkulation 3/2004



A free translation to English:

The rotation symmetric form round a vertical axle is a very usual design of the water tower reservoirs, and there are good reasons why many towers got this form. A water tower that definitely not belongs to this category was there 1983 on one of the largest sewage treatment plant in Europe – the Beckton Sewage Treatment Plant in the east London, Great Britain.

This concrete water tower was radical avoided from the rotation symmetric form, but it has probably been easier to make the mould. The owner of the Beckton Plant, Thames Water has unfortunately no information of the technical data or of the architect.

See Also:   Water Towers: Greater London > Beckton

Cirkulation 2/2004

The Swedish word “tanken” has various meaning, both” the tank” and “the thought".

A free translation to English:


The water company of Madrid, Canal de Isabel II, named after a Spanish queen of the 1800s, has a magnificent water tower close to its headquarter. The 36 meter high tower with a dome-shaped zinc roof and a generous use of brick is designed by engineer Martín y Montalvo. The 12-side tower, with a steel reservoir on 1 500 m³, was built 1908-11 and was in duty until 1952.

After a decision 1985, was the tower restored and rebuilt to galleries. Now is here often photo exhibitions and on inside the white painted walls of the steel-reservoir is there showed multislide presentations and you can get by that experience in the thought/ the reservoir.

See Also:   Torres del agua: Madrid

Cirkulation 1/2004

A free translation to English:

The Badische town Kehl in Germany, neighbour to Strassburg, concluded at the time an agreement with Master of Engineering M. Hessemer from Frankfurt am Main, that he for own money should arrange the water supply of the town. On account of the private company's high water price, the town makes success after an action to take over the operation 1910.

The 1904-1905 private built tower with a total height of 47,5 meter and a reservoir on 300 m³, got a harmonic formation with tower-head that was both rich of idea and complicate. Unfortunately got the origin form lost under the war, but the compensation may be acceptable.

See Also:   Wassertürme: Baden-Württemberg > Kehl

Eber's Water Towers 2003

Cirkulation 8/2003

A free translation to English:

The out-punch “G.V.” on the water tower vane in the Danish Glostrup, is a proud marking that the suburb municipality in the western Copenhagen is a modern society with its own water work. The 33 meter high water tower in brick, with a reservoir on 110 m³, was built 1905 in Romanesque style under the glory period of Art Nouveau, after drawings and calculations by engineer August Fensmark.

The tower was in duty until 1963, when it was replaced by a new and larger water tower. The proposal to tear down the water tower and built a filling station come to naught, so today is the old water tower protected as the mark of Glostrup.

See Also:   Vandtårne: Glostrup

Cirkulation 7/2003

The Swedish word “press” has various meaning, both “printing-press” and “pressure”.

A free translation to English:


A water tower building situated in Bobigny in the north district of Paris, was there in times past a good printing-press. Here in Bobigny built the old newspaper L´Illustration in 1930s a low building to the printing works and a high building to the editorial office. The high house got on the top a large water reservoir and tower clocks. Architect was unusually oddly the newspaper’s own secretary-general Louis Braschet.

When the newspaper was accused to collaboration with the Germans under the war, was the newspaper closed 1945, after which a transport company take over the building. The timeless building has stand empty in same years with lack of maintenance, but is now been renovating to be one of the universities in Paris.

See Also:   Château d'eau: Département 93 > Bobigny

Cirkulation 6/2003

A free translation to English:

A wishing-customer to the steel profiles supplier is the feeling when you are looking at the water tower in Batavia, New York State, USA. For the country usual way is here steel used as a construction material to the water tower, even if not all steel water towers is using steel profiles to the carrying part.

It is one of two water towers in the town, official stated by the water works as located behind the Ponderosa Steak House, which supply the town with a pressure of 27-36 m column of water. The town with circa 16 000 inhabitants is situated 50 kilometres east Buffalo, and named after a German tribe on the Rhine delta (the Batavian) in the present Holland.

See Also:   Water Towers: New York > Batavia

Cirkulation 5/2003

A free translation to English:

An eclectic water tower is standing in the district De Esch in Rotterdam, The Netherlands. This will mean that the architecture consist different styles. This tower, draw by the manager of the building office C. B. van der Tak, is closest to the Romanesque style, the New Renaissance but even oriental styles is valid in the building.

In the 44 meter high tower, that is standing at the river Nieuwe Maas, was there when it was finished 1873 a reservoir on 1 500 m³ and under that engine-men apartments. It is by that one of the oldest and largest water tower in Netherlands. It is now a historic building, and rebuilt to office with the address Watertorenweg [water tower road].

See Also:   Watertorens: Zuid-Holland > Rotterdam

Cirkulation 4/2003

A free translation to English:

The new water tower in the north district Vahrenwald in Hanover had the largest water tower reservoir of Europe when it was new 1911. The riveted Intze-construction holds 4 100 m³ water, and was reposed on 140 steel pillars. The total height above the ground of the tower was 62 meter. The design of the tower in Lower Saxony was by the hand of architect Schaedtler. The façade was rough-hewn blue-green lime-sandstone, with a coat of arms, tall as a man, above the door.

The tower was as many other German towers both bomb damaged and restored. It was at last out of operation 1963, but is now honoured with an own tramway stop – “Wasserturm” [water tower].

See Also:   Wassertürme: Niedersachsen > Hannover

Cirkulation 3/2003

In the bilingual country Finland is the Swedish name of the municipality, Euraåminne and the Finnish name Eurajoki.

A free translation to English:


The Earth is rotating. A phenomenon that you occasionally can see at the water tower in Euraåminne/Eurajoki in the western Finland. In the corbelling edge of the tower is there fasten a 40 meter long and 110 kg heavy pendulum. When the pendulum is start move, it will according to the law of inertia continue to swing in the same direction. The Earth’s rotating lead however to that the pendulum seemingly is change direction.

As the pendulum is long, it takes time before it will stop move, which does it easier to see the change of the moving. It is an experiment that is called Foucault’s pendulum, and will normally be done indoors. In the shelter of the Finnish forest is this done outdoors. On and off.

See Also:   Vattentorn: Euraåminne/Eurajoki

Cirkulation 2/2003

A free translation to English:

With a total height of 67 meter is the water tower in the district Favoriten in Vienna among the highest in Europe, high seeing that it’s only 33 meter up to the water mirror. The tower, built 1898/99, has got a shape worthy the parade streets in the centre of Vienna. Under the roof of glazed tiles in five colours is a 203 meter long spiral ramp leading up to reservoirs on 1 050 m³ respective 203 m³.

When Vienna 1910 got a new water main from the mountains, was the meaning of the tower reduced and was out of operation 1956. For some years ago was it completely renovated and is now a historic building and sometimes open to art exhibitions.

See Also:   Wassertürme: Wien > Favoriten

Cirkulation 1/2003

The Swedish word “biofilm” has various meaning, both ”bio film” and ”cinema film”, biograf=cinema. The German word “Turm”=tower.

A free translation to English:


Bio film in a water reservoir is regarded as something negative - pollution. In Neun­kirchen in the German Saarland is movie [bio­film] something positive, because there are arranged four cinemas in the closed down cooling water tower of the ironworks. The 41 meter high tower with a largest diameter of 14 meter, hold 2 200 m³ water when it stood ready 1936.

The water tower become a historic building 1985, and after rebuilt and extension built 1996 is here now recreation centre, pub, bistro, café and a small brewery with the beer Turm Gold and Turm Black. But even the multi cinema Cinetower, there it perhaps sometimes will be fluid production in form of tears.

See Also:   Wassertürme: Saarland > Neunkirchen

Eber's Water Towers 2002


Cirkulation 8/2002

The writer has a son-name…, Swedish=son, Danish=sen.

A free translation to English:


Peder Andersen was a factory owner that lived and worked in Frederiksberg in the 1800s, a municipality surrounded by the Danish capital. He arranged 1869 a private water supply in the east part of his home municipality, and built at that time a water tower on his own ground.

The year 1877 he repeated the achievement by further westbound built a new water work and water tower, at P Andersens Vej [P Andersen road]. The tower, with a reservoir on circa 500 m³ that is carried by cross-pillars, was out of duty 1948 and is since 1990 a historic building. Even today is the name Andersen standing on the water tower, a beautiful memory that perhaps even should fit other son-names…

See Also:   Vandtårne: Frederiksberg

Cirkulation 7/2002

A free translation to English:

Brewing beer needs with the exception of malt hops and yeasts, even good water. Many breweries give in there’s sales argument prominence to what a good water spring they have access to. The brewery “Pilsner Urquell” in the city Pilsen in the Czech Republic, should perhaps except to give prominence to its soft water, even be able to sell The Original Pilsner Beer on its water tower, either the tower contain the primary product or the finished product.

The fire hydrant on the brewery ground is marked “Pilsner Urquell”, and the century-old Art Nouveau water tower will naturally supply these at extinction, either it concern fire or thirst.

See Also:   Vodni vĕž: Západní Čechy > Plzeň

Cirkulation 6/2002

A free translation to English:

Silicon Valley may be the Mecca of the modern technique, but the men there as well as other places needs water. Water delivered with help of old tested techniques, as communicating vessels, which on the low-lying ground south of San Francisco Bay mean water towers.

Such a tower in local adjusted style is there in the Agnews Develop­mental Center, an earlier federal state mental hospital in the heart of the California city San Jose. Some of the modernity apostles estimate however these upright technique relicts, because they can be used within the mobile telephony.

See Also:   Water Towers: California > San Jose

Cirkulation 5/2002

A free translation to English:

Eau de Cologne are perhaps that, as nowadays will fill the old water tower at Kaygasse i Cologne [Köln]. Otherwise was it, when the 35 meter high water tower was finished 1872, at that time it was filled with another form of water from Cologne, 3 600 m³ drinking-water. The English architect John Moore drawn the tower that was out of operation at the earlier turn of the century, after which it house workshops and warehouses.

Under the Second World War was the tower a bunker with thick concrete. The act of war heavily damaged the tower, but it began a new life when it in the end of the 1980s was rebuilt to a exceedingly stylish luxury hotel, perhaps the German’s best and most distinctive, there the guests certainly is surrounded by some ethereal liquid.

See Also:   Wassertürme: Nordrhein-Westfalen > Köln

Cirkulation 4/2002

A free translation to English:

Water towers are a form of elevating activity that interesting enough exist in some airports, as in the old airport Kbely in Prague. The tower there, in reinforced concrete with supplying glazed-in and an airway beacon on the top, was drawn by architect Ottakar Novotny and built 1927-28.

The airplane relief on the reservoir façade (very likely Farman F-62 Goliath) was designed by Jan Lauda. These relief planes have the civil airplane registration “L-B”, a mark for The Czechoslovakia until 1930. The water tower, since long time standing in a military area, was out of operation under the 1970s. On another plane, the heraldry, has the tower been lifting, it adorn now the coat of arms in the Kbely district.

See Also:   Vodni vĕž: Praha > Kbely

Cirkulation 3/2002

A free translation to English:

One of the pioneers of the reinforced concrete, François Hennebique built the year 1904 a house to himself in Bourg-la-Reine, a fashionable suburb south Paris. This exciting house is a good example how the concrete is using in a monolithic construction, a field there Hennebique was a trail-blazer.

In the house has he used many of the concrete’s advanced means of expression, which together with the solid works done that the house is still feeling as up to date.

One of the building elements, the finishing touch, is the minaret-­similar 40 meter high tower, that halfway up has a water reservoir that is holding 25 m³. With this water tower has Hennebique built an exclamation mark of the reinforced concrete.

See Also:   Château d'eau: Département 92 > Bourg-la-Reine

Cirkulation 2/2002

The English word “leaved” (the last word in the text) is comparing with a Swedish word in the original text that is built on the word (translated) “drip”.

A free translation to English:


Hydrotherapy (cold water treatment) cures nervous illness. Can it has been thoughts of this therapeutic treatment, that done that when they in the capital of the German Empire Berlin in the end of the 1800s should built a new psychiatric hospital to 1 000 patients, even was planning a water tower? Or was only an establishment that fresh water gives fresh lives. The year 1880 was the hospital in any case finished, with water tower in a central place of the area.

Architect for what today is been called Karl-Bonhoffer-Nerven­klinik was Stadtbaurat Herman Blankenstein. The 28 meter high water tower, with a square ground plan, had originally a reservoir on 85 m³, but was enlarged to 90 m³ at a rebuilding 1967, when the copper plate of the reservoir was changed to galvanized steel. To want extent the treatment has changed is unknown, perhaps is some method leaved.

See Also:   Wassertürme: Berlin > Reinickendorf

Cirkulation 1/2002

The English expression “in the gravy” has a comparing Swedish expression (translated) “in the butter”.

A free translation to English:


Illustrate margarine packets with water towers is not usually, but has been applied by the Esbjerg Margarinefabrik [Esbjerg Margarine factory]. It is a trick that is intelligible, because a trade market shall be distinctive and besides that connected to positive values. What can in that case be more suitable than a magnificent water tower and besides that the mark of the Danish town.

Architect for the since 1897 on a hill, also a Bronze Age hill, standing western Jutland tower, with its characteristic tourelles, was Christian Hjerrild Clausen. He had in all probability the Medieval Haus Nassaau in Nuremberg as a model. The cylindrical reservoir of the tower is holding only 130 m³, which early was too little in the expansive export port town.

The tower that since long time is out of operation, got at ten years ago a solid repair work, and has today summer exhibitions with tower view. The tower that is a historic building and has its own association, is so to say, in the gravy.

See Also:   Vandtårne: Esbjerg

Eber's Water Towers 2001

Cirkulation 8/2001

A free translation to English:

On an island, surrounded by the next largest river in Europe, is there since 1911 standing a water tower in concrete. From the belvedere of the octagonal water tower on the Margaret Island is there a good view in all directions over the Hungarian capital Budapest. The tower is 55 meter high, and had a reservoir on 502 m³ and a highest water level on 40 meter before it was out of order circa 1960.

The tower is designed by Doctor Zielinski Szilárd. He’s pencil has even sign drawings to other water towers at that time. Under the Second Word War was the tower heavily damaged, but is restored and is now protected by the UNESCO.

In the entrance of the tower is there a marble tablet that in gold letters state technical facts, among other things the indication of heights related to both the Danube and the Adriatic Sea, which indicate that the Hungary before the Treaty of Trianon was a considerable larger country. The island is an oasis to the people of Budapest; there it is possible to both slacken the thirst and to visit outdoor swimming-pools with water from mineral-rich springs of the island.

See Also:   Vattentorn: Budapest > Margitsziget

Cirkulation 7/2001

A free translation to English:

Cuxhaven is the last hope to reach its own boat, for the sailor that is left astern in Hamburg (90 kilometres in taxi, which certainly some old engine-men at water works know). The town is of course home port to the pilots of the Elbe River outflow. Should the sailor miss the boat, and still want to have his hammock under the water line, can he perhaps set his hope to the water tower in the town.

Here are four apartments under the 950 m³ large reservoir. The 48 meter high water tower was built 1897, and is a work by the firm Hoffmann in Berlin. On the top are there a spire with a gilt ball, and a vane formed as a dolphin.

When the roof was renovated 1967 found they that the workers had completed the official documents, that was placed in the ball, with own papers. The papers are today valuable social documents. The tower is still in operation, but now as a historic building.

See Also:   Wassertürme: Niedersachsen > Cuxhaven



Cirkulation 6/2001

A free translation to English:

A vane on a water tower that demonstrate a bodily exacting water collection, can perhaps be one moment to point out the advantage of the tower. When the architect/­constructor of the tower is unknown, can it only be speculations of the reasons to that the vane on the tower on Buöy in Stavanger, Norway demonstrate how a boy, with a classic water pump, are pumping up water in a old woman’s bucket.

The water tower in reinforced concrete, that was built 1920 in connection with the establishing of an engineering workshop on the island, has a height of 23 meter, included the vane. The tower had a reservoir volume on 170 m³ and a highest water level on +48 meter, before it got out of operation 1955, the year when Buöy got water from the centre of Stavanger.

Three years after that the picture was taken, was the tower restored completely, both of historic reasons and because that the tower is a landmark in the town. The old iron vane was at that time even take down and compensated with a copy in more resistant material.

See Also:   Vanntårne: Norge > Stavanger

Cirkulation 5/2001

A free translation to English:

A struggle is going on concerning a Victorian water tower in the English city Colchester. The city is founded by Romans and situated in the Essex County less than 100 kilometres north-east London. The group that wants to preserve the water tower in its original form is calling their campaign “Save Jumbo for Colchester”.

The name Jumbo, named after an elephant in the London Zoo, got the tower already from the birth 1883. The 40 meter high tower, built by 1,2 millions bricks and holding a cast iron reservoir on 1 000 m³ cost at that time 11 000 £. The tower was put out of operation 1987 by the Anglian Water, and sold to new exploiter for 100 000 £.

The struggle is now between owner that wants a commercial rebuilding and a campaign group that want that the tower get a function dignified its history and will be accessible to the public. The picture of the tower is from 1983; at that time had the writer no knowledge of the 100 year’s jubilee.

See Also:   Water Towers: Essex > Colchester

Cirkulation 4/2001

A free translation to English:

A high situated house with a perfect view and there the trees not shadow. That is the impression you get when you observe the 26 meter high water tower in the Garching b. München [Munich] in Germany, a town north of the Bavarian metropolis agglomeration.

The water tower, with a quadratic base on 5,4 meter, was built in reinforced concrete and equipped with a reservoir on 63 m³. The architect is unknown, but the tower was designed in 1909 and was finished in December 1911, with everything under control by the Königlich Bayerishes Wasserversorgungsbüro [Royal Bavarian Office of Water Supply].

The water tower was out of operation 1961, as the wells in Garching had been polluted. Instead get the customers now there’s water direct from the Munich main water system. The tower is since 1981 protected as an industrial heritage, and was restored 1988 in connection with that the reservoir was scraped.

Discussions continue now on what manner the tower shall be used. If it will be an apartment, must doubtless the guests be prevent to walk out on the terrace.

See Also:   Wassertürme: Bayern > Garching bei München

Cirkulation 3/2001

A free translation to English:

Reservoirs on only 25 m³ water, will normal not create a magnificent water tower. But so is not either the Bismarck tower at the heights in the north-western Stuttgart in Germany a usually water tower. It was built 1904 to honour the some year’s earlier deceased founder of the German Reich, Chancellor Otto von Bismarck. Architect for the 20 meter high tower in sandstone was the professor from Dresden, W. Kreis.

Obviously has the altar-like stone pile with its altitude over the capital of Württemberg worked as a belvedere, but on the top has there even burnt midsummer fires.

It was however not the need to put out these fires, but more the need to get a better water pressure for the nearby residential districts, that done that they the year 1928 made a water reservoir in the monument. The limited reservoir volume gave a small surface of water on only 4,5 x 2,5 meter, a surface of water that however get up to the height 426 meter over the sea.

See Also:   Wassertürme: Baden-Württemberg > Stuttgart

Cirkulation 2/2001

A free translation to English:

The Gothic was the architecture style that set the tone in the north German Medieval towns. What could be more natural to the self-assured towns than to be inspired of this Gothic, when they a century ago should build up the public services? The north German Gothic church with its high spire got their imitator in the new technical era’s new Gothic water towers with pinnacles, as in the hanseatic city Rostock in Mecklenburg, Germany.

Here stand since 1903 a water tower made of bricks in pattern style with seven stepped gables and with blind windows, all rest on a base of granite. It was Stadbaudirektor Dehn that designed the 60 meter high water tower with a diameter of 18 meters in the base.

The tower was holding a reservoir on 800 m³ water until it was out of operation 1959. After a restoration is the tower now a historic building and house a city museum warehouse, and in the ground floor also a meeting-place for children and disables.

See Also:   Wassertürme: Mecklenburg-Vorpommern > Rostock

Cirkulation 1/2001

A free translation to English:

Bingo! perhaps the building workers shouted, when they got the last steel segment on its place on the water tower construction in the gambling city Atlantic City. The city is located in the federal state New Jersey, 200 kilometres south New York City. The tower holding 2 million gallons water (circa 7 500 m³) and get as most up to the level 38 meter above the Atlantic. The bottom of the tower standing is though on the level 3 meter, it is not high, but so is the city situated on a barrier island.

The steel tower is constructed by Elam Associates and built 1998 by Pitts-Des Moines Inc and stood finish to operation 1999. The water tower is nowadays painted as a hot-air balloon, with vertical colour fields and with a tower shaft painted as a gondola, with aeronauts and the whole.

It was Jeff Elam that proposed the idea and got the work of art on its place. Tall as four man of the tower-shaft is protected against graffiti, and that is luckily, because it is unnecessary to hazard the damage risk of the tower even in the gambling city Atlantic City.

See Also:   Water Towers: New Jersey > Atlantic City

Eber's Water Towers 2000

Cirkulation 8/2000

A free translation to English:

School examples of water towers are there in the Badische city Mannheim in Germany. In the district Luzenberg is the water tower and the school an integrated building complex. This quite not usual combination began 1907-08 when the water tower was built as a solitary.

Thereafter was under the year 1912-14 the school built, in main two wings up to the tower. The inner room decoration of the school was not unexpectedly based on the theme water. The water tower is 56 metres high, and had a reservoir on 2 000 m³ before it was out of order 1970.

Now has the tower been a very high circular “acoustic” junior common room with cafeteria to pupils of the school. Today’s modest tower roof is a new construction, as the bombing under the Second World War damage the old roof, a roof with steep raising, finished with a sphere.

In spite of the reduced height of the tower is the building a marked element in the general aspect of the town and has been the symbol of Luzenberg. Rightly has the Art Nouveau water tower been declared as a historic building.

See Also:   Wassertürme: Baden-Württemberg > Mannheim

Cirkulation 7/2000

A free translation to English:

On a high river bank on the western bank of the river Tagus [Tejo], is there since 1979 standing a yellow water tower in concrete. The carrying part of the tower consist of three half cylinders, with the openings out. The half cylinders is transformed in the upper part into three closed cylinders, that together make up the reservoir on 1 000 m³. This water tower has the name in Portuguese Reservatório elevado do Rapouso.

The writer came once 1982 to the tower, and asked some questions about the water tower to the engineer that work with a pump installation in the basement. The engineer had no time to answer my questions, because he and his installation staff should go and have lunch, but if I was interested I could walk up in the tower.

That was done and up in the tower I got a marvellous view over the city that is on the other side of the river Tagus – Lisbon [Lisboa]. Nowadays is the water tower enclosed with a two metre high fence, and crested with barb wires.

See Also:   Torres da água: Setúbal > Caparica



Cirkulation 6/2000

A free translation to English:

A fastidious version of water tower is perhaps the first impression you get, when you see the water tower in the old hanseatic town Groningen in the north Netherlands. The tower that is standing in the yard in a central residential quarter represent a type of reservoir that is called a Barkhausen-reservoir after its originator, a professor in Hanover [Hannover].

The water tank has the form of a cylinder that downwards is transformed into a half sphere. The vertical struts are fastening in the transition between these geometrical forms. It is a simple type to manufacture and there are not either arising complicated powers of pressures.

The water tower in Groningen is built 1908 by A. Wilke & Co, Brunswick [Braunschweig] in Germany and is presumed to be designed by Carl Franke, Bremen. It is 45,3 metres high and was holding 1 000 m³ water, before it got out of operation about 20 years ago [2000].

See Also:   Watertorens: Groningen

Cirkulation 5/2000

A free translation to English:

The earlier times water demanding railway traffic – steam locomotives, demand that this small mobile water reservoirs now and then was filled up with new water. For this purpose were there built stationary water reservoirs, often small standard water towers.

There are examples of more individual forms, as the water tower at Dortmund Südbahnhof [South Railway Station]. The German State railways built 1927 a 43 metre high water tower in reinforced concrete, which was designed by the architects H Lehman and M Venner.

Except two concrete cylinders, with a total reservoir volume on 800 m³ in the upper third part of the building was the tower even filled with office, room to accommodations and baths for the railway staff. The façade, there the floor is marked with horizontal plaster cornices, is oriented to the brick expressionist idiom of the “Amsterdam school”.

The reservoirs that was supplied from the common main supply, was in operation until the swan song of the steam epoch in the end of the 1950s. The water tower is now a historic building.

See Also:   Wassertürme: Nordrhein-Westfalen > Dortmund

Cirkulation 4/2000

The Swedish expression “Förvara och försvara” will translated to English be “Keep and defend”.

A free translation to English:


Keep and defend. It is words that can be used on the water tower in the Jutland town Fredericia. The town, that celebrates the 350th anniversary this year [2000], has one of the best preserved town-fortification in Scandinavia. On the top on one of the bastions, Prince George Bastion is a white water tower standing since 1909. It was moreover the same year that the Bastion Fredericia was discontinued.

The tower is 16 metres high and has on the top crenulations that allude to a medieval defence tower. It was entrepreneur Gudnitz from Copenhagen that for 24 500 Danish crowns built the water tower in reinforced concrete.

Above the reservoir on 440 m³ is there a belvedere that is open to the public under the summer season. From here is it a brilliant view over Danish waters, not least the Little Belt. The tower will defend its place.

See Also:   Vandtårne: Fredericia

Cirkulation 3/2000

The name of bilingual town is in Finnish = Hanko and in Swedish = Hangö.

A free translation to English:


Grey and apparently gloomy water tower sits in state on the hill in Hanko/Hangö, the southernmost town in Finland. But the tower is coloured by the history. It was finished 1943 just while the war was raging, and replaced at that time a water tower in granite from 1910. The old tower had the Russian burst 1941, when they were forced to leave the leasehold zone Hanko/Hangö.

The new 48 metres high tower, with a reservoir standing on among other things four rectangular pillars, is designed by engineer Nikander and architect Bertel Liljeqvist. On the top of the of the pillars should originally mermaid decorations has been placed, but because of the expense sit in state there now shells, shaped by the sculptor Gunnar Finne.

Above the reservoir on 490 m³, is there a belvedere, from where you can see over the water of Hanko/Hangö. The first tower on this place was a fire tower in tree that stood there 1886-1910. All the three towers had one detail common, a clock in all the four cardinal points. In other words – they bear the impress of the times.

See Also:   Vattentorn: Hangö/Hanko

Cirkulation 2/2000

A free translation to English:

In Babenhausen, Germany has it been possible to drive cars under the water. Straight over the Bürgermeister Rühl-Straße [Mayer Rühl Street] in this town in southerly Hesse [Hessen] is a water tower standing since 1928 like a medieval town gate tower. The brick-built tower with a height of 31 metres and with a quadratic base of 10 metres is laid on four pillars of Hesse basalt and it’s been crowned by a copper roof.

The tower with a reservoir volume on 2 000 m³ had a cost at that time of 300 000 German Reichsmark. Constructer was the Mannheim firm Brand and the tower is considering as a typical work of this firm. With a width of 6 metres bridge the Gothic valve over the axle between the medieval city castle of Babenhausen and the hunting seat in Harreshausen.

The tower, that under the Second World War was doing duty as an archive to important documents of the town, is now out of operation and declared as a historic building.

See Also:   Wassertürme: Hessen > Babenhausen

Cirkulation 1/2000

The Swedish expression, that even is ambiguous (translated) “make a snip” has a comparing expression in English “make a good bargain”.

A free translation to English:


In the small Danish town Sakskøbing on Lolland was there built a 33 metres high water tower 1908. The reservoir volume was not overwhelming, only 60 m³. A common Danish water tower in other words. The only distinctive character was the vane in form of a sheep shears, an allusion on the town’s the coat of arms. The big change came when architect Fleming Skude draw a proposal to paint the tower.

The year 1982 was the face at the reservoir painted, with two windows on the tower as eyes and the roof as a naturally hat. The tower was out of operation 1985, but is today the town’s face against the world around and will be found on signs and brochures. “Saxine – the smiling water tower” was a face lifting and a real good bargain of the town.

See Also:   Vandtårne: Guldborgsund > Sakskøbing

Eber's Water Towers 1999

Cirkulation 8/1999

The Swedish word “synvilla” is ambiguous. It can mean both “optical illusion” and “villa=house”.

A free translation to English:


An optical illusion in Bochum is the very elegant dwelling-house on Hattinger strasse in the district Weitmar. The shape of the exterior don’t expose that this building once has been a water tower. The idiom of the villa/tower rather gets the thoughts to more southerly districts than their place in the central Ruhr Area.

When the water tower was completed in 1905 had it a volume on 2 000 m³, divided on two reservoirs. The Federation of Water Works in Bochum [Verbands­wasser­werk Bochum] took the water tower out of operation 1959 and sold it 1971 to the City of Bochum for a symbolic sum. Now is there a national puppet museum in the old water tower.

See Also:   Wassertürme: Nordrhein-Westfalen > Bochum

Cirkulation 7/1999

A free translation to English:

The city of Fresno in the central California was 1891 planning to built a water tower that not only should have a reservoir to quench thirst and extinguish fires, but even a library to the thirst of knowledge. The 100 feet high tower with a reservoir on 250 000 gallons was completed in 1894 and was in duty until 1963.

The tower library becomes however only a mirage. The brick-built water tower is designed in the American Romanesque style by architect George Washington Maher from Chicago.

A memorable tower, not only because it stand in a desert area that has been fertile by irrigation, but even to the architecture that signs inform. The United States Department of the Interior has placed the tower on the “National Register of Historic Places”, and the American Water Works Association has given the tower the honour “An American Water Landmark”. Additional sign tells that the building is dedicated to the General Manager of the Water Department. He was born 1891 and had 36 years service to the city of Fresno.

See Also:   Water Towers: California > Fresno

Cirkulation 6/1999

A free translation to English:

”Hände weg vom Wasserturm!” is one and a half meter high graffiti exhortation that it in many years has been possible to read on the water tower in Sternschanze in Hamburg. In a free translation will it be an exhortation to hold the hands off from the water tower, an exhortation that apparently not has been guilty to them who write on the beautiful brick wall. The concise text has periodically a more wordy exposition in the Internet, everything touch bottom in a dispute between they that rule Hamburg and some of the local people. The dispute concern how the tower that’s was out of operation 1961 shall be used in the future.

The history of the tower began otherwise with an architecture competition at the earlier turn of the century with 135 received proposals of tower shape. The proposal that was executed was the octagonal and 60 metres high water tower with a largest diameter of 32 metres. The tower had when it was completed 1907/1908 two reservoirs on each 2 150 m³, low zone respective high zone. The tower is now a historic building, and gets a peaceful future in the old fortlet area.

See Also:   Wassertürme: Hamburg > Sternschanze

Cirkulation 5/1999

A free translation to English:

1 500 m³ water, divided on three equal large reservoirs, contain the water tower in Hérouville-Saint-Clair, a large and modern suburb to Caen in the French Normandy. The steel water tower from 1963 have forms that gives reminiscence to the writer’s ice lollies in 1950s, or perhaps the modern standard lamp from the same period, but the tower sets undeniable both mark on and illuminate the suburb.

The firm SIDL has constructed the 52 metres high tower with a reservoirs at a height on 21 metres and a diameter on 6.5 metres. The manufacturing has been done in Delattre-Leviviers workshops in Valenciennes in the north France.

Considering of the water technical basics in the growing suburb in Normandy, should the constructor in the light of the post-war period of constructions have done the reservoir volume larger and got the memorable cubic metres 1944.

See Also:
Château d'eau: Département 14 > Hérouville-Saint-Clair



Cirkulation 4/1999

The struggle concern the vane on the top of the water tower.

A free translation to English:


Can water tower cause patriotic feelings? Yes, in Schlettstadt in Elsaß. The 50 metres high water tower in this town was built 1905 and had as model the water tower in the town Deventer in the Netherlands. On the top, above the water reservoir on 500 m³, was the German Eagle sitting and brood. The German loss in the First World War lead to that Elsaß pass to French tenancy and the name of the town was changed to Sélestat and Elsaß become Alsace.

Even the water tower become participates in this change. The German Eagle was replaced by the Gallic Cock. But only until 1940 however, when the cock must step down from the highest perch. When the war was ended the citizens thought that it must be enough, now should only the free birds occur on the roof.

The interesting is that these patriot quarrels only was exercised in the highest heights of the water spheres. As usual was the man hole covers forgotten. Therefore could you at least for some years ago [1994] outdoor the water tower find a man hole cover with the inscription “Hydrant - Wasserwerk Schlettstadt”. It would not do any harm if the nationalists sometimes look down.

See Also:
Château d'eau: Département 67 > Sélestat/Schlettstadt

Cirkulation 3/1999

A free translation to English:

My series of of water towers has until now held an urban character. It is also probably the urban image the most of us have of water towers. Therefore shall I this time broke this pattern with a tower in rural surroundings. It is a small water tower near large water. North San Simeon, halfway on the famous coast road between Los Angeles and San Francisco was there for some years ago [1993] this small water tower. Near the tremendous water quantity in the Pacific has this limited water reservoir certainly fill its function to the owner.

The exact information about the reservoir volume or height is not known, but they can’t be overwhelming. Even if the building materials not is by the exclusive kind can the architect at least pride oneself with that the building have ocean view.

See Also:   Water Towers: California > San Simeon

Cirkulation 2/1999

A free translation to English:

Live close to the water are regarding as very attractive, and what was in that case not more attractive than to live in a water tower. Logic is there many water towers that even contain apartments, as an example is the water tower in Seligenstadt in the south Hesse [Hessen] in Germany. A smaller town from 800s with all the qualities that there are in older German towns, and water tower that in the style harmony with the local building tradition. It means that the tower seems to be older than the building year 1936/37.

The 50 metres high building with a reservoir on 500 m³, is not longer in operation, which has done that there are plans to have apartments even in the upper part of the tower building. The tower is now standing as a symbol of the town, equal with the basilica and other very old buildings. The citizen of the Seligenstadt live even with a drained water tower close to the water, because the idyllic town with its old half-timbered houses is situated at the west bank of the river Main.

See Also:   Wassertürme: Hessen > Seligenstadt

Cirkulation 1/1999

The Swedish expression (translated) “the ball in the air” is an expression that is common in the start of the football season (the spring).

A free translation to English:


Three balls in the air at the same time is normal not an advanced act for a juggler. It will be different if the balls are made of steel, have a diameter of 10 metres and contain water. The water tower with three floating spheres is a beautiful view in the city of Eindhoven in the south Netherlands.

Constructor to this juggler act is professor W G Quist from Rotterdam. Water reservoirs that are separated can in other countries mean that they serve different pressure zones, but the Netherlands is not known as a country with big differences of altitude and quite consistent is all the three spheres in Eindhoven connected on the same main supply.

The problem that could arise with communicating vessels on different height has a solution with that all stand pipes reach up to 42 metres. With 523 m³, water in each sphere will the weight of the construction be 3 000 metric ton. The white futuristic water tower from 1971 is perhaps a tribute to the football club in the city, PSV Einhoven – the ball in the air.

See Also:   Watertorens: Noord-Brabant > Eindhoven

Eber's Water Towers 1998

Cirkulation 8/1998

A free translation to English:

A water tower of steel that differ from the normal standardized and total dominating rotation symmetric form can you find in the Danish town Horsens. Here in the south suburb Tyrsted has the architect Holger K Nielsen create a water tower in 206 metric ton steel with a consciousness sculptural form. A hydraulic good form, there the advantage of the steel is used.

Above the octagonal centre column and the eight in fan-shaped placed side pillars is there a reservoir, shaped as a cut diamond. As for the very much small transparent diamond, bring the light here plus values. Light reflections and shadows shift on the sixteen reservoir sides with the suns walk over the vault of heaven.

It is not surprising that the water tower got “The European Steel Prize”, the building year 1983. Behind the blue-painted faces of steel is there 2 000 m³, and this to a building cost for the whole tower on 3.6 millions Danish Crowns. The 28 meter high water tower in the East Jutland has rightly got the epithet “The Blue Diamond”, and certainly is it a beautiful piece of jewellery in the town of Horsens.

See Also:   Vandtårne: Horsens > Tyrsted

Cirkulation 7/1998

The English word “mediocre" is translated from the Swedish word “slätstruken”, which also mean “plain surface”.

A free translation to English:


Many bricks for little water – that can perhaps be a summary of the water tower in Volkspark Jungfernheide in Berlin. It is not a mediocre water tower; instead create here the bricks a front that is rich in contrast, full of life and exciting. Architect for this building, as far as style is concerned can be categorized as brick expressionism, was Magistratsoberbaurat Walter Helmcke.

The 38 meter high water tower was built 1926/27, and with a high-reservoir on 200 m³ supplied it the park with irrigation water under the short time it was in duty. Under the war was the tower badly injured, but was restored in the 1950s. A loggia was built 1987/88 on the place there it in the original drawings should have been a restaurant.

See Also:   Wassertürme: Berlin > Charlottenburg

Cirkulation 6/1998

A free translation to English:

The city of Flensburg in the north German federal state Schleswig-Holstein is situated in the innermost part of the fjord that carries the name of the city. On the western side of the fjord, Altstadt is there a beautiful traditional pattern brick-built water tower in yellow and red bricks, built 1901-02.

On the heights east of the fjord there is a water tower that forms a shape contrast to the old water tower, both to colour and to form. It is a water tower that uses the possibility of the concrete to build in exciting geo­metrical forms. Architect professor Fritz Trautwein has here 1961 constructed a water tower; there the para­bola segment round a vertical is strong marked on the tower shaft, and additional emphasized the light and thin vertical moulding.

To the facile price of 1 D-Mark, it is under five summer months possible to visit the 26 meter above the ground situated belvedere, surrounded a reservoir on 1 500 m³, and there admire the view over the fjord of Flensburg and the Danish South Jutland.

After a such visit can they that not only want water, with advantage visit the nearby Hotel “Am Wasserturm”, and get water mixed with yeast, malt and hops.

See Also:   Wassertürme: Schles­wig-Holstein > Flensburg

Cirkulation 5/1998

Dalecarlian is a province in Sweden. Dalecarlian horse is a painted wooden horse. Dalecarlian painting is painting with richly-decorated floral motif.

The English word "fascinating" is translated from the Swedish word “fängslande”, which also mean "imprisoning”.

A free translation to English:


The land of immigrants USA is often talked-about as a melting-pot. The different cultures is mixed and creating a new – an American. After all exist however a part of the old elements of culture and the citizens feel a pride of theirs extraction and theirs old culture. This must be one of the reasons that the water tower in Kingsburg, California has the appearance it has.

When the police cars of the town have a Dalecarlian horse, and the text The Swedish Village on the doors, isn’t it unnatural that the water tower of the town has a form of a tea pot with richly-decorated floral motif. It holds 60 000 US gallons which correspond to 227 m³ or 1,5 millions coffee pots. The tower is manufactured 1911 in the steel city Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania.

Fascinating details at the tower stand is except the little white building City Jail, even a bronze plate that tells you that the adornment and the tower lights has been made to memory of some loved ones. Who has paid the full amount tells also the founded letters, we are after all in the donators USA.

See Also:   Water Towers: California > Kingsburg

Cirkulation 4/1998

A free translation to English:

A postmodern water tower. The French standard tower in the little village of Belleville 10 km north of Nancy in the eastern France is filled up with postal marks. There is no lack of addressee, sender or stamps. As it is stamped with 9 francs and 20 centimes, it will probably be counted as a parcel. We must still hope for the best of citizen of Belleville that the water tower not has insufficient postage.

See Also:   Château d'eau: Département 54 > Belleville

Cirkulation 3/1998

A free translation to English:

An individual water tower, by a world-famous architect, you will find on the east coast of Bornholm. In the idyllic place Svaneke stand a water tower, that is called the naviga­tion mark. The name-giving is easy to understand, but not the water technical form. The dram glass form had probably been better, even in Denmark. The pyramid form is perhaps the price you must pay, when the unconventional architect Jörn Utzon design water towers.

Some years later he created another individual building, the famous Sydney Opera in Australia. The Svaneke citizen is pride of the water tower they got 1952. With a reservoir volume of 110 m³, it solved the support until 1988. Now is it out of operation and declared as a historic building.

See Also:   Vandtårne: Bornholm > Svaneke

Cirkulation 2/1998

A free translation to English:

A water tower in USA. There is no doubt about that. If you drive U.S. route 1 southbound through Florida are you meeting this sight, when you drive in to City of Cocoa. Then you are by the way not far from Cape Canaveral.

Water towers of steel are usual in the United States, here in form of pillar-spheroid. It is even usually to paint the name of the town on the reservoir. The water tower in City of Cocoa has a painting that no patriot can complain.

See Also:   Water Towers: Florida > Cocoa

Cirkulation 1/1998

A free translation to English:

A German water tower in Art Nouveau is the pride of Mönchen­gladbach. Rightly, the question is if there is a more beautiful water tower. But so had it even the cost the city 216 000 Gold mark, when it stood ready 1908-1909.

To this amount they got a reservoir on 3 100 m³. If you today even want to see the water tower inside, it is possible to make use some of the five Saturdays every year, when there is a public showing of the water tower in Viersener Strasse.

See Also:
Wassertürme: Nordrhein-Westfalen > Mönchengladbach

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